[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Zoloft No Rx, on March 16, 2012.]
Looking for aggregation standards: In response to the dozens of dust-ups over the proper way to aggregate others' work online over the past few years, a new group has formed to establish some standards guiding the practice of pulling and drawing on others' writing. The group, called the Council on Ethical Blogging and Aggregation, was announced by Advertising Age's Simon Dumenco at the South by Southwest Interactive festival and given a shot of publicity in a column by the New York Times' David Carr.
The group is still in its early stages, but according to Carr, it may end up with some of seal of approval for sites that abide by the standards it comes up with. Cheap Zoloft no rx, Its members insisted they weren't anti-aggregation, but simply want to bring some order to a practice that's been chaotic and contentious. Dumenco explained his aims in a bit more depth in a Poynter chat as well.
Carr's column also highlighted a similar effort by Maria Popova, who runs the creatively aggregated site Brain Pickings, to introduce what she calls The Curator's Code, two new symbols to indicate whether you discovered a piece of content directly or indirectly, Zoloft No Rx. As the Atlantic's Megan Garber explained, behind the code lies the idea that curation—the ability to combine pieces of content together in a creative and compelling way—is a form of intellectual labor and even art, something that should be honored through honest attribution.
The backlash against both ideas didn't take long to start. Chris Crum of WebProNews said he appreciates the cause, purchase Zoloft online, but doesn't see any real usefulness for Popova's new symbols. Concern about Dumenco's council was more significant: FishbowlNY's Chris O'Shea said the council is made up only of content and blogging bigwigs and that it'll only be preaching to the choir anyway. Gawker's Hamilton Nolan made the same points a bit more forcefully Zoloft No Rx, , arguing that the group will be unnecessary to those who already care about aggregating properly and ignored anyway by those who don't. Plus, he said, "This sort of top-down, expert-heavy, Zoloft interactions, credential-credulous media structure is exactly what blogging has so brilliantly been destroying for more than a decade."
Rob Beschizza of BoingBoing and GigaOM's Mathew Ingram both argued, like Nolan, that the solution to shoddy aggregation is cultural and social, not formal, and as Ingram noted, "we already have a tool for providing credit to the original source: It’s called the hyperlink." Instapaper's Marco Arment said that the problem isn't whether people can find links to sources in aggregated work, but whether the aggregation eliminates the need for the link in the first place. He also disagreed with Popova's contention that discovery entails its own form of ownership, Zoloft natural.
J-prof Susan Currie Sivek, meanwhile, said that more than anything, the council and the Curator's Code may be for the curators themselves, rather than audiences. She referred to it as a form of "boundary work, Taking Zoloft, " a professionalizing tactic meant to set a profession or form of work off as distinct from similar groups and practices.
Britannica goes out of print: We on the web seem to gobble up those symbolic milestones that indicate that Print Is Dead, and we got a big one this week, when the Encyclopedia Britannica announced that it was printing its last paper copy, Zoloft No Rx. PaidContent has a good summary of the story, with details about the digital efforts Britannica is touting.
There was a decent bit of mourning: Steven Vaughan-Nichols of ZDNet voiced his disdain for the lack of appreciation of true expertise on Wikipedia, and author Alexander Chee said the rise of Wikipedia at the expense of Brittanica is indicative of two of our cultural problems: "first, the belief that we all have a right to our opinions, and a right to base them on misinformation, and second, where can i order Zoloft without prescription, that we rely on unpaid content."
Many others weren't shedding any tears, though. GigaOM's Mathew Ingram argued for the superiority of the open, networked process of gathering knowledge, and the New Republic's John McWhorter praised the comprehensiveness of Wikipedia. And while he was saddened by the closing, Zoloft canada, mexico, india, former Brittanica.com editor Charlie Madigan told Romenesko the encyclopedia had been far more interested in making money off of its knowledge than sharing it. Zoloft No Rx, Taking the middle way were Time's Matt Peckham, who noted that while the web offers us a wealth of easy-to-access information, it also requires us to be more diligent in our discernment of that information; and the Guardian's Dan Gillmor, said he's appreciated the wealth of knowledge Britannica's accumulated but wants to see traditional publishers like it act with less condescension toward the web.
And Tim Carmody of Wired threw some cold water on the 'Wikipedia killed Britannica' narrative, arguing instead that Microsoft's Encarta was the impetus for the encyclopedia's demise in the early '90s. Even in its heyday, Carmody said, print editions of Britannica were more valuable as cultural totems than actual knowledge sources. "Print will survive. Books will survive even longer. It’s print as a marker of prestige that’s dying, Zoloft class," he wrote.
How valuable is web activism?: The web's viral video du jour—the "Kony 2012" campaign aimed at raising awareness about the activities of Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony—has led to some fascinating discussions about the Internet's role in focusing attention on important issues and raising the possibility of meaningful collective action, Zoloft No Rx.
Numerous observers have raised valid points about the shortcomings of the video itself and the paternalistic attitudes toward Africa it reveals among those in the West; Ethan Zuckerman and BoingBoing's Xeni Jardin have done a tremendous job gathering and summarizing those sentiments. I'm going to focus here instead on the role of the web and social media in mobilizing collective action.
As the Guardian's John Naughton noted, the video's massive reach is a vivid demonstration of the capability of web to bring video to a much broader audience than traditional broadcast. But what happens after that point. GigaOM's Mathew Ingram laid out Zoloft No Rx, the basic point of disagreement—are videos like these spurring meaningful action on a wide scale, or merely pointless "slacktivism". Zoloft pictures, Sociologist Zeynep Tukefci objected to the term "slacktivism," arguing that the people who participate in networked activism campaigns like this aren't slacking off from "real" activism; they're taking symbolic action in a realm whose barriers to entry are typically too high for them to be included. In a similar New York Times column, she argued that the problem of limited action isn't because of the video, but because of a lack of institutional mechanisms for significant action on big issues. USC prof Henry Jenkins and his students pointed out the empowering nature of the video, but said it missed a chance to instill a deeper media literacy in its viewers.
In a fantastic post, Gilad Lotan of SocialFlow added some deep data to the discussion, Zoloft forum, showing that the video's spread relied on pre-existing networks that its producers, a nonprofit called Invisible Children, had been involved in for years, largely among Christian youth. An NPR story helped flesh out Invisible Children's work in building those networks and their importance to the video's success.
Re-arrests and a semi-apology in News Corp, Zoloft No Rx. case: A quick update on News Corp.'s ongoing travails: Rupert Murdoch's son, Online buy Zoloft without a prescription, James, who recently moved out of the company's British newspaper division to a spot elsewhere in the company, wrote to the British Parliamentary's investigation committee taking responsibility and expressing regret for allowing the phone hacking to go on so long but maintaining his innocence regarding the hacking itself.
Meanwhile, the former head of that division, Rebekah Brooks, was re-arrested this week on suspicion of obstruction of justice, and a top reporter at the now-defunct News of the World was also re-arrested on suspicion of intimidating a witness, Zoloft cost. A former NotW reporter told the investigation he was fired during the 1980s because he refused to bribe police officers. Murdoch told the staff of the Sun that the investigation into that paper would be finished soon, but he and his son have been booked to testify before the investigation next month.
Reading roundup Zoloft No Rx, : Lots of smaller stories this week to keep an eye on, thanks in part to South by Southwest. Here's a quick rundown:
— Twitter announced this week it's buying the microblogging site Posterous (The Next Web has plenty of details.) Posterous hasn't exactly been thriving, so it was widely assumed that Twitter bought it for its technology and talent and will shut down the site sooner or later. Several people, Zoloft price, coupon, including Dave Winer and Poynter's Jeff Sonderman, noted a lesson for web users (including journalists): Platforms—especially free ones—are fragile things.
— A slew of SXSW happenings: Gawker's Nick Denton decried the state of online comments and detailed his plans to overhaul Gawker's commenting format, and Anil Dash talked about why the effort excites him. A marketing firm launched a program that turned homeless people into wireless hotspots, which got lots of people upset (but not Megan Garber). Reuters' Felix Salmon reported (and the New York Times seconded) that CNN was close to buying the social media blog Mashable, but paidContent's Staci Kramer was skeptical, Zoloft No Rx. And New York Times executive editor Jill Abramson spoke on her paper's future, then caught up with Forbes' Jeff Bercovici, buy Zoloft no prescription.
— Yahoo sued Facebook in federal court for infringing on 10 patents covering advertising, privacy, and social networking. Much of the opinion among tech folks aligned against Yahoo, but Om Malik said there has to be more here than meets the eye.
— The venerable magazine The New Republic was bought by someone with web in his blood—Facebook co-founder and online Obama campaign veteran Chris Hughes. Zoloft steet value, Here's Hughes' letter to readers and interview with NPR, and the New York Times' article on the purchase.
— The Columbia Journalism Review went deep inside AOL's hyperlocal initiative Patch with an account from a former editor of one of its local sites. A SXSW panel also discussed the struggles of many hyperlocal sites.
— Finally, two fantastic pieces on how to improve journalism education: Web writer Howard Rheingold talked about the importance of teaching students to collaborate, and Nebraska j-prof Matt Waite suggested teaching tech outside the j-school curriculum.
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[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Buy Diflucan No Prescription, on January 20, 2012.]
The web flexes its political muscle: After a couple of months of growing concern, the online backlash against the anti-piracy bills SOPA and PIPA reached a rather impressive peak this week. There’s a lot of moving parts to this, so I’ll break it down into three parts: the arguments for and against the bill, the status of the bill, and this week’s protests.
The bills’ opponents have covered a wide variety of arguments over the past few months, but there were still a few more new angles this week in the arguments against SOPA. NYU prof Clay Shirky put the bill in historical context in a 14-minute TED talk, about Diflucan, and social-media researcher danah boyd parsed out both the competitive and cultural facets of piracy. At the Harvard Business Review, James Allworth and Maxwell Wessel framed the issue as a struggle between big content companies and smaller innovators. The New York Times asked six contributors for their ideas about viable SOPA alternatives in fighting piracy, and at Slate, Matthew Yglesias argued that piracy actually has some real benefits for society and the entertainment industry, Buy Diflucan No Prescription.
The most prominent SOPA supporter on the web this week was News Corp.’s Rupert Murdoch, who went on a Twitter rant against SOPA opponents and Google in particular, reportedly after seeing a Google TV presentation in which the company said it wouldn’t remove links in search to illegal movie streams. Diflucan samples, Both j-prof Jeff Jarvis and GigaOM’s Mathew Ingram responded that Murdoch doesn’t understand how the Internet works, with Jarvis arguing that Murdoch isn’t opposed so much to piracy as the entire architecture of the web. At the Guardian, however, Dan Gillmor disagreed with the idea that Murdoch doesn’t get the web, saying that he and other big-media execs know exactly the threat it represents to their longstanding control of media content.
Now for the status of the bill itself: Late last week, SOPA was temporarily weakened and delayed, my Diflucan experience, as its sponsor, Lamar Smith, said he would remove domain-name blocking until the issue has been “studied,” and House Majority Leader Eric Cantor said he won’t bring the bill to the House floor until some real consensus about the bill can be found. Buy Diflucan No Prescription, That consensus became a bit less likely this week, after the White House came out forcefully against SOPA and PIPA, calling for, as Techdirt described it, a “hard reset” on the bills. The real blow to the bills came after Wednesday’s protests, when dozens of members of Congress announced their opposition and, Diflucan online cod, this morning, both SOPA and PIPA were indefinitely postponed.
But easily the biggest news surrounding SOPA and PIPA this week was the massive protests of it around the web. Hundreds of sites, including such heavyweights as Wikipedia, Reddit, Mozilla, BoingBoing, australia, uk, us, usa, and WordPress, blacked out on Wednesday, and other sites such as Google and Wired joined with “censored” versions of their home pages. As I noted above, the protest was extremely successful politically, as some key members of Congress backed off their support of the bill, Diflucan without prescription, leading The New York Times to call it a “political coming of age” for the tech industry.
The most prominent of those protesting sites was Wikipedia, which redirected site users to an anti-SOPA action page on Wednesday, Buy Diflucan No Prescription. Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales’ announcement of the protest was met with derision in some corners, with Twitter CEO Dick Costolo and PandoDaily’s Paul Carr chastising the global site for doing something so drastic in response to a single national issue. Walesdefended the decision by saying that the law will affect web users around the world, and he also got support from writers like Mathew Ingram and the Atlantic’s Alexis Madrigal, who argued that Wikipedia and Google’s protests could help take the issue out of the tech community and into the mainstream.
The New York Times’ David Pogue was put off by some aspects of the SOPA outrage and argued that some of the bill’s opposition grew out of a philosophy that was little more than, “Don’t take my free stuff!” And ReadWriteWeb’s Joe Brockmeier was concerned about what happens after the protest is over, online Diflucan without a prescription, when Congress goes back to business as usual and the public remains largely in the dark about what they’re doing. “Even if SOPA goes down in flames, it’s not over. It’s never over,” he wrote.
Apple’s bid to reinvent the textbook Buy Diflucan No Prescription, : Apple announced yesterday its plans to add educational publishing to the many industries it’s radically disrupted, through its new iBooks and iBooks Author systems. Wired’s Tim Carmody, who’s been consistently producing the sharpest stuff on this subject, Buy no prescription Diflucan online, has the best summary of what Apple’s rolling out: A better iBooks platform, a program (iBooks Author) allowing authors to design their own iBooks, textbooks in the iBookstore, and a classroom management app called iTunes U.
After news of the announcement was broken earlier this week by Ars Technica, the Lab’s Joshua Benton explained some of the reasons the textbook industry is ripe for disruption and wondered about the new tool’s usability. (Afterward, he listed some of the change’s implications, Diflucan class, including for the news industry.) Tim Carmody, meanwhile, gave some historical perspective on Steve Jobs’ approach to education reform.
As Carmody detailed after the announcement, education publishing is a big business for Apple to come crashing into. But The Atlantic’s Megan Garber explained that that isn’t exactly what Apple’s doing here; instead, it’s simply “identifying transformative currents and building the right tools to navigate them.” Still, Reuters’ Jack Shafer asserted that what’s bad for these companies is good for readers like him, Buy Diflucan No Prescription.
But while Apple talked about reinventing the textbook, Diflucan pics, several observers didn’t see revolutionary changes around the corner. ReadWriteWeb’s John Paul Titlow noted that Apple is teaming up with big publishers, not killing them, and Paul Carr of PandoDaily argued that iBook Author’s self-made ebooks won’t challenge the professionally produced and marketed ones. All Things Digital’s Peter Kafka did the math to show the publishers should still get plenty of the new revenue streams.
The news still brought plenty of concerns: At CNET, Lindsey Turrentine wondered how many schools will have the funds to afford the hardware for iBooks, and David Carnoy and Scott Stein questioned how open Apple’s new platforms would be, Diflucan alternatives. Buy Diflucan No Prescription, That theme was echoed elsewhere, especially by developer Dan Wineman, who found that through its user agreement, Apple will essentially assert rights to anything produced with its iBooks file format. That level of control gave some, like GigaOM’s Mathew Ingram, pause, but Paul Carr said we shouldn’t be surprised: This is what Apple does, he said, and we all buy its products anyway. Diflucan maximum dosage, —
Making ‘truth vigilantes’ mainstream: The outrage late last week over New York Times public editor Arthur Brisbane’s column asking whether the paper’s reporters should challenge misleading claims by officials continued to yield thoughtful responses this week. After his column last week voicing his support for journalism’s “truth vigilantes,” j-prof Robert Niles created a site to honor them, pointing out instances in which reporters call out their sources for lying. Salon’s Gene Lyons, meanwhile, said that attitudes like Brisbane’s are a big part of what’s led to the erosion of trust in the Times and the mainstream press.
The two sharpest takes on the issue this week came from The Atlantic’s Conor Friedersdorf and from Columbia Ph.D, Buy Diflucan No Prescription. student Lucas Graves here at the Lab, Diflucan recreational. Friedersdorf took on journalists’ argument that people should read the news section for unvarnished facts and the opinion section for analysis: That argument doesn’t work, he said, because readers don’t consume a publication as a bundle anymore.
Graves analyzed the issue in light of both the audience’s expectations for news and the growth of the fact-checking movement. He argued for fact-checking to be incorporated into journalists’ everyday work, rather than remaining a specialized form of journalism. Reuters’ Felix Salmon agreed, Purchase Diflucan online no prescription, asserting that “the greatest triumph of the fact-checking movement will come when it puts itself out of work, because journalists are doing its job for it as a matter of course.” At the Lab, Craig Newmark of Craigslist also chimed in, prescribing more rigorous fact-checking efforts as a way for journalists to regain the public’s trust.
— There was one major development on the ongoing News Corp. phone hacking case: The company settled 36 lawsuits by victims, admitting a cover-up of the hacking. Here’s the basic story from Reuters and more in-depth live coverage from the Guardian, what is Diflucan.
— Rolling Stone published a long, wide-ranging interview with WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange as he awaits his final extradition hearing. Reuters’ Jack Shafer also wrote a thoughtful piece on the long-term journalistic implications of WikiLeaks, focusing particularly on the continued importance of institutions.
— Two interesting pieces of journalism-related research: Slate’s Farhad Manjoo described a Facebook-based study that throws some cold water on the idea of the web as a haven for like-minded echo chambers, and the Lab’s Andrew Phelps wrote about a study that describes and categorizes the significant group people who stumble across news online.
— In a thorough feature, Nick Summers of Newsweek/The Daily Beast laid out the concerns over how big ESPN is getting, and whether that’s good for ESPN itself and sports media in general.
— Finally, for those thinking about how to develop the programmer-journalists of the future, j-prof Matt Waite has a set of thoughts on the topic that functions as a great jumping-off point for more ideas and discussion.
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