[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Order Cipro, on March 30, 2012.]
Activism and journalism from the ground up: Now that the story of Trayvon Martin’s killing has moved fully into the U.S.’ national consciousness, a few writers have taken a look back to examine the path it took to get there. The New York Times’ Brian Stelter traced the story’s rise to prominence, highlighting the role of racial diversity in newsrooms in drawing attention to it. Poynter’s Kelly McBride gave a more detailed review of the story’s path through the media, Buy Cipro without prescription, concluding: “This is how stories are told now. They are told by people who care passionately, until we all care.” (This week, there was also bottom-up sourcing of a more dubious nature on the story, as the Columbia Journalism Review’s Ryan Chittum pointed out.)
The New York Times’ David Carr looked at the Trayvon Martin story and several other web-driven campaigns to assess the value of “hashtag activism, online buying Cipro hcl,” acknowledging its limitations but concluding that while web activism is no match for its offline counterpart, it still makes the world a better place.
There were several other strains of conversation tying into digital activism and citizen journalism this week: the Lab re-printed a Talking Points Memo story on the unreliability of Twitter buzz as a predictor of election results, Cipro alternatives, and the University of Colorado’s Steve Outing wondered whether social media movements have surpassed the impact of traditional journalism on many issues.
Meanwhile, the report of an embellished photo from a citizen journalist in Syria led some to question the reliability of that information, but GigaOM’s Mathew Ingram countered that citizen journalism isn’t displacing traditional journalism, but helping complement it when used wisely, Order Cipro. One of Ingram’s prime examples of that blending of traditional and citizen-powered journalism was NPR tweeter extraordinaire Andy Carvin, who was the subject of a fine Current profile, in which he described Twitter as “the newsroom where I spend my time” and pinpointing news judgment as the key ingredient in his journalistic curation process.
Debating the effectiveness of news paywalls: Google formally unveiled its new paywall alternative in partnership with publishers this week: News sites include surveys that users need to answer in order to read an article, Cipro over the counter. Google pays news sites a nickel per answer, advertisers pay Google for the survey, everybody goes home happy. Low dose Cipro, Just a few publishers have signed up so far, though. (You might remember that the Lab’s Justin Ellis wrote on Google’s testing of this idea last fall.)
Elsewhere in paywalls: Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger said his paper has not ruled out Order Cipro, a paywall plan, though he also clarified that there’s “nothing on the horizon.” His publication is, obviously, far from the only one grappling with the prospect of charging for content online: The New Republic’s new owner dropped the magazine’s paywall for recent articles, and The Washington Post’s ombudsman, Patrick Pexton, explained why he doesn’t see a paywall in that paper’s future.
Pexton said the Post first needs to build up its reader base and make sure the site’s technology runs better, and he cast some doubt on the helpfulness of The New York Times’ pay plan for its bottom line. The Columbia Journalism Review’s Ryan Chittum picked apart Pexton’s analysis of the Times’ numbers, australia, uk, us, usa, and asserted that a paywall’s purpose isn’t to be enormously profitable, and non-paywall digital revenue plans aren’t, either. “The point [of a paywall] is to stop or slow the bleeding and to help make the transition to an all-digital future five or ten years down the line — one that includes more than one flimsy revenue stream based on volatile and not-very-lucrative digital ads, Cipro for sale, ” he wrote.
GigaOM’s Mathew Ingram suggested a “velvet rope” approach to paid content instead of a paywall, in which users would volunteer to pay in exchange for privileges and perks. The Times’ David Carr was skeptical — on Twitter, he summarized the post as, Cipro description, “Don’t build a paywall, create a velvet rope made out of socmedia pixie dust and see if that pays the bills.”
Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger held a Q&A with readers on open journalism, in which he spoke of the tension between the print and digital products in enacting change: “In order to be effective digital companies newspapers have to free themselves of some of the thinking that goes into the creation or a printed product…But most of the revenue is still in print, so the transition is bound to be a staged one, involving fine judgements about the pace of change.”Rusbridger also tweeted the paper’s 10 principles of open journalism, which were helpfully Storified by Josh Stearns, along with some other open journalism resources, Order Cipro.
The Australian Federal Police is now looking into the case, and Reuters reported on the growing pressure for new investigations against News Corp. Order Cipro, in Britain and Australia. Meanwhile, Frontline aired a documentary on the scandal, Cipro wiki, and The Guardian reported on Rupert Murdoch’s attacks on the accusations on Twitter.
Mike Daisey, journalism, Cipro no prescription, and advocacy: Interest in last week’s blowup over This American Life’s retraction of Mike Daisey’s fabricated story about abuses of Chinese factory workers turned out to be more intense than expected: As the Lab’s Andrew Phelps reported, the retraction was the most downloaded episode in TAL history, surpassing the previous record set by the original story. Daisey himself gave a much more thorough, less defensive apology this week, Cipro brand name, and Gawker’s Adrian Chen said he wished Daisey would have been so contrite in the first place.
In Current, Alicia Shepard examined the story from the perspective of Marketplace, Where can i buy cheapest Cipro online, the public radio program that exposed Daisey’s falsehoods. In a long, thoughtful post, Ethan Zuckerman of Harvard’s Berkman Center compared Daisey’s story to the Kony 2012 viral video, using them to pose some good questions about the space between journalism and advocacy, Order Cipro.
— A couple of pieces succinctly laying out some of the growing challenges for those trying to control online content and discourse: First, a piece in The Guardian by Michael Wolff on the trouble that the rise of mobile media poses for news business models, and second, a post by JP Rangaswami positing Africa as the next site of resistance against online media control.
— In a similar vein, GigaOM’s Mathew Ingram wrote about the ways in which the giants of tech are all moving in on the same territory of user data and control, arguing that the real challenge is getting users to care about whether we end up with an open or closed web.
— NYU j-prof Jay Rosen wrote an insightful piece on how journalists claim the authority to be listened to by the public: “I’m there, you’re not, let me tell you about it.”
— Finally, at Poynter, Matt Thompson put together an interesting typology of journalists: Storyteller, newshound, systems analyst, and provocateur. He’s got some great initial tips on how to work with each type, and play to each one’s strengths within a newsroom environment.
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[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Zoloft No Rx, on March 16, 2012.]
Looking for aggregation standards: In response to the dozens of dust-ups over the proper way to aggregate others' work online over the past few years, a new group has formed to establish some standards guiding the practice of pulling and drawing on others' writing. The group, called the Council on Ethical Blogging and Aggregation, was announced by Advertising Age's Simon Dumenco at the South by Southwest Interactive festival and given a shot of publicity in a column by the New York Times' David Carr.
The group is still in its early stages, but according to Carr, it may end up with some of seal of approval for sites that abide by the standards it comes up with. Cheap Zoloft no rx, Its members insisted they weren't anti-aggregation, but simply want to bring some order to a practice that's been chaotic and contentious. Dumenco explained his aims in a bit more depth in a Poynter chat as well.
Carr's column also highlighted a similar effort by Maria Popova, who runs the creatively aggregated site Brain Pickings, to introduce what she calls The Curator's Code, two new symbols to indicate whether you discovered a piece of content directly or indirectly, Zoloft No Rx. As the Atlantic's Megan Garber explained, behind the code lies the idea that curation—the ability to combine pieces of content together in a creative and compelling way—is a form of intellectual labor and even art, something that should be honored through honest attribution.
The backlash against both ideas didn't take long to start. Chris Crum of WebProNews said he appreciates the cause, purchase Zoloft online, but doesn't see any real usefulness for Popova's new symbols. Concern about Dumenco's council was more significant: FishbowlNY's Chris O'Shea said the council is made up only of content and blogging bigwigs and that it'll only be preaching to the choir anyway. Gawker's Hamilton Nolan made the same points a bit more forcefully Zoloft No Rx, , arguing that the group will be unnecessary to those who already care about aggregating properly and ignored anyway by those who don't. Plus, he said, "This sort of top-down, expert-heavy, Zoloft interactions, credential-credulous media structure is exactly what blogging has so brilliantly been destroying for more than a decade."
Rob Beschizza of BoingBoing and GigaOM's Mathew Ingram both argued, like Nolan, that the solution to shoddy aggregation is cultural and social, not formal, and as Ingram noted, "we already have a tool for providing credit to the original source: It’s called the hyperlink." Instapaper's Marco Arment said that the problem isn't whether people can find links to sources in aggregated work, but whether the aggregation eliminates the need for the link in the first place. He also disagreed with Popova's contention that discovery entails its own form of ownership, Zoloft natural.
J-prof Susan Currie Sivek, meanwhile, said that more than anything, the council and the Curator's Code may be for the curators themselves, rather than audiences. She referred to it as a form of "boundary work, Taking Zoloft, " a professionalizing tactic meant to set a profession or form of work off as distinct from similar groups and practices.
Britannica goes out of print: We on the web seem to gobble up those symbolic milestones that indicate that Print Is Dead, and we got a big one this week, when the Encyclopedia Britannica announced that it was printing its last paper copy, Zoloft No Rx. PaidContent has a good summary of the story, with details about the digital efforts Britannica is touting.
There was a decent bit of mourning: Steven Vaughan-Nichols of ZDNet voiced his disdain for the lack of appreciation of true expertise on Wikipedia, and author Alexander Chee said the rise of Wikipedia at the expense of Brittanica is indicative of two of our cultural problems: "first, the belief that we all have a right to our opinions, and a right to base them on misinformation, and second, where can i order Zoloft without prescription, that we rely on unpaid content."
Many others weren't shedding any tears, though. GigaOM's Mathew Ingram argued for the superiority of the open, networked process of gathering knowledge, and the New Republic's John McWhorter praised the comprehensiveness of Wikipedia. And while he was saddened by the closing, Zoloft canada, mexico, india, former Brittanica.com editor Charlie Madigan told Romenesko the encyclopedia had been far more interested in making money off of its knowledge than sharing it. Zoloft No Rx, Taking the middle way were Time's Matt Peckham, who noted that while the web offers us a wealth of easy-to-access information, it also requires us to be more diligent in our discernment of that information; and the Guardian's Dan Gillmor, said he's appreciated the wealth of knowledge Britannica's accumulated but wants to see traditional publishers like it act with less condescension toward the web.
And Tim Carmody of Wired threw some cold water on the 'Wikipedia killed Britannica' narrative, arguing instead that Microsoft's Encarta was the impetus for the encyclopedia's demise in the early '90s. Even in its heyday, Carmody said, print editions of Britannica were more valuable as cultural totems than actual knowledge sources. "Print will survive. Books will survive even longer. It’s print as a marker of prestige that’s dying, Zoloft class," he wrote.
How valuable is web activism?: The web's viral video du jour—the "Kony 2012" campaign aimed at raising awareness about the activities of Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony—has led to some fascinating discussions about the Internet's role in focusing attention on important issues and raising the possibility of meaningful collective action, Zoloft No Rx.
Numerous observers have raised valid points about the shortcomings of the video itself and the paternalistic attitudes toward Africa it reveals among those in the West; Ethan Zuckerman and BoingBoing's Xeni Jardin have done a tremendous job gathering and summarizing those sentiments. I'm going to focus here instead on the role of the web and social media in mobilizing collective action.
As the Guardian's John Naughton noted, the video's massive reach is a vivid demonstration of the capability of web to bring video to a much broader audience than traditional broadcast. But what happens after that point. GigaOM's Mathew Ingram laid out Zoloft No Rx, the basic point of disagreement—are videos like these spurring meaningful action on a wide scale, or merely pointless "slacktivism". Zoloft pictures, Sociologist Zeynep Tukefci objected to the term "slacktivism," arguing that the people who participate in networked activism campaigns like this aren't slacking off from "real" activism; they're taking symbolic action in a realm whose barriers to entry are typically too high for them to be included. In a similar New York Times column, she argued that the problem of limited action isn't because of the video, but because of a lack of institutional mechanisms for significant action on big issues. USC prof Henry Jenkins and his students pointed out the empowering nature of the video, but said it missed a chance to instill a deeper media literacy in its viewers.
In a fantastic post, Gilad Lotan of SocialFlow added some deep data to the discussion, Zoloft forum, showing that the video's spread relied on pre-existing networks that its producers, a nonprofit called Invisible Children, had been involved in for years, largely among Christian youth. An NPR story helped flesh out Invisible Children's work in building those networks and their importance to the video's success.
Re-arrests and a semi-apology in News Corp, Zoloft No Rx. case: A quick update on News Corp.'s ongoing travails: Rupert Murdoch's son, Online buy Zoloft without a prescription, James, who recently moved out of the company's British newspaper division to a spot elsewhere in the company, wrote to the British Parliamentary's investigation committee taking responsibility and expressing regret for allowing the phone hacking to go on so long but maintaining his innocence regarding the hacking itself.
Meanwhile, the former head of that division, Rebekah Brooks, was re-arrested this week on suspicion of obstruction of justice, and a top reporter at the now-defunct News of the World was also re-arrested on suspicion of intimidating a witness, Zoloft cost. A former NotW reporter told the investigation he was fired during the 1980s because he refused to bribe police officers. Murdoch told the staff of the Sun that the investigation into that paper would be finished soon, but he and his son have been booked to testify before the investigation next month.
Reading roundup Zoloft No Rx, : Lots of smaller stories this week to keep an eye on, thanks in part to South by Southwest. Here's a quick rundown:
— Twitter announced this week it's buying the microblogging site Posterous (The Next Web has plenty of details.) Posterous hasn't exactly been thriving, so it was widely assumed that Twitter bought it for its technology and talent and will shut down the site sooner or later. Several people, Zoloft price, coupon, including Dave Winer and Poynter's Jeff Sonderman, noted a lesson for web users (including journalists): Platforms—especially free ones—are fragile things.
— A slew of SXSW happenings: Gawker's Nick Denton decried the state of online comments and detailed his plans to overhaul Gawker's commenting format, and Anil Dash talked about why the effort excites him. A marketing firm launched a program that turned homeless people into wireless hotspots, which got lots of people upset (but not Megan Garber). Reuters' Felix Salmon reported (and the New York Times seconded) that CNN was close to buying the social media blog Mashable, but paidContent's Staci Kramer was skeptical, Zoloft No Rx. And New York Times executive editor Jill Abramson spoke on her paper's future, then caught up with Forbes' Jeff Bercovici, buy Zoloft no prescription.
— Yahoo sued Facebook in federal court for infringing on 10 patents covering advertising, privacy, and social networking. Much of the opinion among tech folks aligned against Yahoo, but Om Malik said there has to be more here than meets the eye.
— The venerable magazine The New Republic was bought by someone with web in his blood—Facebook co-founder and online Obama campaign veteran Chris Hughes. Zoloft steet value, Here's Hughes' letter to readers and interview with NPR, and the New York Times' article on the purchase.
— The Columbia Journalism Review went deep inside AOL's hyperlocal initiative Patch with an account from a former editor of one of its local sites. A SXSW panel also discussed the struggles of many hyperlocal sites.
— Finally, two fantastic pieces on how to improve journalism education: Web writer Howard Rheingold talked about the importance of teaching students to collaborate, and Nebraska j-prof Matt Waite suggested teaching tech outside the j-school curriculum.
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