[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Tramadol Dosage, on June 18, 2010.]
The FTC's last round of input: The U.S. Federal Trade Commission wrapped up its series of forums on journalism and public policy Tuesday, and this forum got quite a bit more attention than the others — partly because it's the last one, and partly because the FTC released its draft of possible policy proposals a few weeks ago, which gave people something concrete to pick apart.
Before the forum, Tramadol use, The New York Times' Jeremy Peters and TBD's Steve Buttry both gave good summaries of what various people are saying about the issue, and Save the News' Fiona Morgan gave a helpful, detailed description of what went on at the forum itself. As for the FTC's final report due out this fall, Poynter's Rick Edmonds and Bloomberg Businessweek's Olga Kharif both wrote that we're unlikely to see any proposals for significant government intervention in the news business. Edmonds offers a handful of reasons that the idea has fallen out of favor: Newspapers' financial fortunes have improved lately, we've seen an explosion of strongly backed digital journalism experiments, Tramadol wiki, the government might not be able to do it well, and news organizations themselves aren't sure what they want from Uncle Sam. Both Edmonds and Kharif also noted that Congress won't be willing to be seen as bailing out another for-profit industry.
A few more voices — media economics professor Robert Picard, TBD's Mandy Jenkins and conservative Denver Post columnist David Harsanyi — joined the anti-subsidy chorus this week, and the Times' Eric Pfanner provided some evidence to back them up, pointing out that countries with the largest direct subsidies for newspapers also have the lowest newspaper readership, Tramadol Dosage. (He also noted the U.S. media's extreme reliance on advertising compared with the rest of the world.)
Other folks offered a few ideas of what policy proposals they'd like to see the FTC endorse. Edmonds wants to see nonprofits allowed to accept advertising, Buy Tramadol from mexico, j-prof C.W. Anderson says public policy has a role in "fostering an entrepreneurial, innovative, reinvented journalistic sphere," Salon's Dan Gillmor stumps for open broadband subsidies, and Save the News' Josh Stearns lists five ideas he wants endorsed. Tramadol Dosage, The themes that run across several of those people's proposals are clear: Net neutrality, expanded broadband, open government data, and encouragement for innovation, rather than protection for traditional media businesses.
Google News goes human: One low-key but potentially significant development from late last week: As the Lab's Megan Garber reported, after Tramadol, Google News began an experiment called Editors' Picks, in which editors from partner news organizations like the BBC and the Washington Post curate lists of news articles to go along with Google's algorithm-run selections. Garber notes what a shift this is from Google's historical approach to news aggregation and ties it to the quest for serendipity: "This is one way of replicating the offline experience of serendipity-via-bundling within the sometimes scattered experience of online news consumption," she says.
GigaOM's Mathew Ingram saw in the project a similar sign of a shift toward human-powered news aggregation at Google, No prescription Tramadol online, though he noted that Google has tried numerous news-related experiments that never caught on. That's exactly what a Google spokesperson told paidContent's Staci Kramer, and both sites mentioned Google's ill-fated commenting experiment as an example.
Still, Mashable's Vadim Lavrusik loved this idea, making a case for the value of human editors in making sure that people are reading what they need to know online as well as what they want to know, Tramadol Dosage. In other Google News news, its creator, Krishna Bharat, gave a long interview in which he discussed its role in journalism and his idea of what the future of journalism might look like, buy Tramadol without prescription.
Murdoch picks up some paid-content pieces: Rupert Murdoch's News Corp. continued its long, steady march toward a paid-news future with a few small but potentially important moves this week: It bought the Skiff mobile software platform from the newspaper chain Hearst — not the Skiff e-reader itself, though it seems they're working on that — invested in Journalism Online, Steve Brill's news paid-content venture, and bid to take full control of British Sky Broadcasting, Europe's largest for-pay broadcaster.
Hollywood Reporter's Andrew Wallenstein called the first two moves huge news for the digital news business, arguing that Murdoch is setting the standard for the way everyone else does business online. "This is about laying the groundwork for the very process by which people pay for that news; namely, the device they consume it on and the virtual storefront that handles the payment, is Tramadol safe," he wrote. Tramadol Dosage, And with BSkyB's digital music and broadband services, it looks like Murdoch's hoping to add another major asset in his plans to find new ways to get people to pay for not only news, but digital entertainment media as well.
A theory of the political press defined: If you've been following NYU professor Jay Rosen on Twitter or reading his blog for any length of time, you've probably absorbed a general sense of his guiding philosophy about the American political press. But this week he posted the definitive explanation of that philosophy, which is most simply that political journalists' prevailing ideology is one of false equivalency between two sides of political extremists, Tramadol no prescription, while they (and their favorite politicians) stand at the sane, savvy, skeptical center. It's obviously just one critic's opinion, but it's a remarkably helpful frame to help interpret what the Washington press corps values and why it does what it does.
There's some fascinating discussion about Rosen's ideas in the lengthy comments of his post, and he got a few thoughtful responses elsewhere, as well, Tramadol no rx. The Atlantic's Conor Friedersdorf agreed with the main thrust of Rosen's argument, though he challenged the assertion that political journalists are "big believers in the law of unintended consequences" who don't pay much attention to the direct consequences of public policy. The Economist likewise endorses the post but counters that Rosen's concepts of "he said, she said journalism" and "the sphere of deviance" are at odds, Tramadol Dosage. Over at Slate, Tom Scocca affirms a point of Rosen's about journalists' disregard for street protests, and Australian journalist Jonathan Holmes adapted the concept to the Australian media. Doses Tramadol work, Also, the Atlantic's Marc Ambinder — as a political editor, part of the tribe Rosen was dissecting — asked the professor what he would have the political press think instead. Rosen has promised an answer.
Future-of-news thoughts and innovation: Before we get to the reading roundup, a note on a couple of interesting items that the Lab has been highlighting this week. Tramadol Dosage, First, our sister publication, Nieman Reports, has published its quarterly issue, which is always chock-full of thought-provoking essays on journalism in transition. This summer's issue is titled "What's Next for News?" so it's right along the lines of the stuff we write about here at the Lab, where can i order Tramadol without prescription. The Lab has been pointing out several of the issue's 36 pieces — including thoughts on the Internet's effects on our thinking, the editor-as-gatekeeper role, and the semantic web — but there's plenty more out there, so go look around.
Second, Buy cheap Tramadol no rx, the Knight News Challenge announced the 12 winners of its $2.74 million worth of grants for innovative journalism projects. The Lab's Josh Benton has a rundown of the winners and a few observations about the crop as a whole, and we've got profiles of a few of the initiatives, too. There's Stroome, the wiki-style collaborative video-editing site; Public Radio Exchange, a crowdfunding project for public radio journalism; and Order in the Court 2.0, an effort to open up courtrooms through new media, Tramadol Dosage. They should have several more profiles up over the next few days (probably even before this post is published) if you're in the mood to be encouraged by innovation in news.
Reading roundup: Two ongoing discussions, one news economics development, Tramadol gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, and one thoughtful piece on context:
— Two news economics experts, Alan Mutter and Frederic Filloux, weighed in this week with their assessments of iPad news apps so far. Mutter looks at the winners and losers, and Filloux talks about what makes iPad news apps work. Online buying Tramadol, — We've been hearing for a couple of weeks about what the Internet is (or isn't) doing to our brains, and that conversation continued with a defense of the web by The New York Times' Nick Bilton a caution to doomsayers by psychology professor Steven Pinker.
— Consulting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers estimated this week that Internet ad revenue will surpass newspaper ad revenue by 2014. Both will still remain behind TV ad revenue, they said.)
— Finally, former journalist John Zhu wrote a wonderful explanation of the state of, well, explanation in the news. (Complete with helpful visual aids!) If you're interested at all in how journalists can make complex stories more understandable to people, this is the perfect place to start putting together where we've been and where we could be going.
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[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Tramadol No Rx, on June 4, 2010.]
The FTC's ideas for journalism: The U.S. Federal Trade Commission has spent much of the last year listening to suggestions about how they might change antitrust, copyright and tax laws in order to create the best possible climate for good journalism, and this weekend it posted its "discussion draft" of policy proposals to "support the reinvention of journalism." It's a 47-page document, so here's a quick summary of their ideas:
— Expand copyright law to protect news content against online aggregators, including "hot news" legislation, further limits to fair use and mandatory content licenses. Tramadol street price, — Allow antitrust exemptions for news organizations to put up paywalls together and develop a unified system to limit online aggregators.
— Enact direct or indirect government subsidies through a variety of possible means, including a journalism AmeriCorps, more CPB funding, a national local news fund, tax credits to news orgs for employing journalists, university investigative journalism grants, and newspaper and magazine postal subsidies, Tramadol interactions. These subsidies could be paid for through taxes on broadcast spectrum, consumer electronics, advertising, or ISP-cell phone bills.
— Tax code changes to make it easier for news organizations to gain tax-exempt status, Tramadol No Rx.
— Pass various FOIA-related laws to make government data easier to access and search.
It's worth noting that the FTC isn't explicitly endorsing these proposals; the draft reads more as a list of possible proposals that might be worth exploring further. Purchase Tramadol online, Still, j-prof and new media pundit Jeff Jarvis saw a perspective of old-media protectionism running through the draft, as he tore it apart point by point. The FTC is defining journalism through established news organizations and looking to prop them up instead of supporting visionary startups, he wrote. "If the FTC truly wanted to reinvent journalism, the agency would instead align itself with journalism’s disruptors. But there's none of that here." Tramadol No Rx, Jarvis' charges were seconded by two newspapermen, the Washington Examiner's Mark Tapscott and the Los Angeles Times' Andrew Malcolm, who likened the proposals to the government trying to save the auto industry by reviving the gas guzzlers of the 1960s. Steve Buttry of the new Washington news site TBD chimed in, too, online buying Tramadol hcl, homing in on the assertion that newspapers provide the overwhelming majority of our original news.
Free Press' Josh Stearns responded by cautioning against "throwing the baby out with the bath water," noting a few of things that he liked about the FTC's proposals. And at the Huffington Post, Alex Howard praised the FTC's open-government proposals. NYU j-prof Jay Rosen chipped in his own tweet-length proposal for the FTC: "Subsidize universal broadband; fight for sensible net neutrality."
Steve Jobs' pitch for paid news: The folks from the Wall Street Journal's All Things Digital interviewed Apple chief Steve Jobs on stage this week as part of their D8 conference, Tramadol overnight, and Jobs had a few words for the news industry: Yes, he wants to help save journalism, because, as he put it, "“I don’t want to see us descend into a nation of bloggers myself." But if they're going to survive, news organizations should be more aggressive about getting people to pay for content, Jobs said, like Apple did in helping raise e-book prices earlier this year, Tramadol long term.
As it turned out, there was something for everybody to pick apart in that exchange: Ex-Saloner and blogging historian Scott Rosenberg took issue with Jobs' "nation of bloggers" jab, and Steve Safran of the local-news blog Lost Remote said that what Jobs really wants to save is paid, professional journalism, Tramadol No Rx. GigaOm's Mathew Ingram argued that an "iTunes for news" model that Jobs proposed might benefit Jobs, but probably won't work for news outlets. And here at the Lab, Laura McGann pointed out a statement Jobs made elsewhere in the interview that rejected Apple app applicants (sorry, couldn't resist) should simply resubmit their apps, unchanged. Get Tramadol, Meanwhile, we got another diatribe about Apple's app censorship from Advertising Age's Simon Dumenco, and a few other interesting pieces of app news: Statistics showing just how big game apps are on the iPhone and iPad (though content apps aren't doing bad on the iPad), lessons for iPad news apps from Hacks/Hackers' recent app-creating binge, and a cool iPad news reader designed by Stanford students.
To link or not to link?: Author Nicholas Carr, who's about to release a book about how the Internet is hurting our ability to think, highlighting one of the points from that book in a blog post this weekend: The link, where can i cheapest Tramadol online, Carr argues, hurts our ability to concentrate and follow an argument, and in some cases we may be better off without them. Tramadol No Rx, He calls links a high-tech version of the footnote, like little distracting textual gnats buzzing around our heads. "Even if you don't click on a link, your eyes notice it, and your frontal cortex has to fire up a bunch of neurons to decide whether to click or not. You may not notice the little extra cognitive load placed on your brain, but it's there and it matters." Carr approvingly noted a couple of experiments in leaving links to the bottom of articles.
ReadWriteWeb's Marshall Kirkpatrick responded with a thoughtful look at the purpose of links, Order Tramadol from mexican pharmacy, wondering if they really might be better off at the end of articles, and the Columbia Journalism Review's Ryan Chittum was sympathetic to Carr's point as well: "It’s not a trivial question to ask what the Internet is doing to our attention spans," he wrote. "I know mine, for one, is shot to hell."
Carr, who's had his runins with the Internet cognoscenti in the past, predictably caught some flak for his post too, Tramadol without a prescription, including from Mathew Ingram, who argued that links are at least as much an intellectual discipline for the writer as the reader. The Scholarly Kitchen's Kent Anderson noted that links are part of a long academic tradition that includes footnotes and inline citations: "Do they distract. Of course they do, Tramadol No Rx. ... But it’s distraction through addition, if done well." And author Scott Berkun brings up a few variables that others missed, Herbal Tramadol, including the skill of the author, web design, and the "open in new tab" function.
'The Twitter of news': The link-sharing site Digg gave a preview of its new version, which will implement some Twitter-like features and emphasize the news links that the people you follow have shared, rather than just the top overall links. The net effect is an attempt to become, as GigaOm's Liz Gannes put it, buy Tramadol from canada, "the Twitter of news." That, of course, raises the question, "Isn't Twitter already the Twitter of news?" But Digg's advantage, founder Kevin Rose says, is that it does away with the status updates and Justin Bieber memes and gives you purely socially powered links and news.
Tech pioneer Dave Winer was intrigued by the concept, Tramadol maximum dosage, and The Next Web's Zee Kane lauded Digg for integrating more deeply with Twitter. Tramadol No Rx, Alexis Ohanian, co-founder of Reddit, a competitor of Digg's, bashed Rose for "just re-implementing features from other websites," and TechCrunch's Michael Arrington knocked both Rose and Ohanian down a peg in response.
Bidders for Newsweek: Wednesday was The Washington Post Co.'s deadline for formal expressions of interest in buying Newsweek, and it received three offers: OpenGate Capital, a private equity firm that bought TV Guide for $1 in 2008; hedge fund manager and failed Chicago Sun-Times bidder Thane Ritchie; and conservative magazine and website Newsmax. On Twitter, Jeff Jarvis called the bidders "tacky" and wondered whether Newsweek would be better off dead.
Earlier in the week, The New York Times' David Carr offered an explanation for why Newsweek and other magazines seem to be worth so little to potential buyers: "In the current digital news ecosystem, where can i buy cheapest Tramadol online, having 'week' in your title is anachronistic in the extreme, what an investor would call negative equity." At its Tumblr blog, Newsweek responded by arguing that while everyone seems to have the perfect idea of what Newsweek should have done, no one can change the simple business reality that Newsweek is no longer alone in its niche for readers and advertisers.
Reading roundup: A couple of updates on stories from last week, plus a bunch of interesting articles and resources.
— An addendum to last week's Publish2 News Exchange launch: Publish2's Ryan Sholin told the Lab's Megan Garber that it only intends to disrupt the AP, not kill it. The exchange is aimed at the content distribution side of the AP, not the production end, he said. Poynter's Rick Edmonds gave some more explanation of Publish2's plans.
— The New York Times announced it will host Nate Silver's political polling blog FiveThirtyEight, one of the web's top operations at the intersection of data and journalism. Yahoo News' Michael Calderone examined the fact that Silver's been open about his liberal political views and asks how that will work out at the Times.
— Several smart, thought-provoking analyses here: journalism researcher Michele McLellan surveyed online local news publishers, news business expert Alan Mutter looked at Yahoo's hints at a challenge to local newspapers, search guru Danny Sullivan examined a case of traditional media stealing his blog's story; and media analyst Frederic Filloux explained why online advertising is so lousy.
— Finally, a 'why' and a 'how' for a couple of aspects of digital journalism: MediaShift's Roland LeGrand gives journalists the reasons they should learn computer programming, and Poynter's Jeremy Caplan has a great list of tips for crowdsourcing in journalism.
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