[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Purchase Synthroid, on August 24, 2012.]
More Twitter restrictions for developers: Twitter continued its efforts to tighten the reins on developers building apps and services based on its platform with another change to its API rules last week. Most of it is pretty incomprehensible to non-developers, but Twitter did make itself plain at one point, saying it wants to limit development by engagement-based apps that market to consumers, rather than businesses. (Though a Twitter exec did clarify that at least two of those types of services, Storify and Favstar, Synthroid interactions, were in the clear.)
The Next Web's Matthew Panzarino clarified some of the technical jargon, and Marketing Land's Danny Sullivan explained whom this announcement means Twitter likes and doesn't like, and why. ReadWriteWeb's Dan Frommer gave the big-picture reason for Twitter's increasing coldness toward developers — it needs to generate tons more advertising soon if it wants to stay independent, and the way to do that is to keep people on Twitter, rather than on Twitter-like apps and services. (Tech entrepreneur Nova Spivack said that rationale doesn't fly, and came up with a few more open alternatives to allow Twitter to make significant money.)
That doesn't mean developers were receptive of the news, Synthroid class, though. Panzarino said these changes effectively kill the growth of third-party products built on Twitter's platform, and Instapaper founder Marco Arment argued that Twitter has made itself even harder to work with than the famously draconian Apple. Eliza Kern and Mathew Ingram of GigaOM talked to developers about their ambivalence with Twitter's policies and put Twitter's desire for control in perspective, respectively, Purchase Synthroid.
Several observers saw these changes as a marker of Twitter's shift from user-oriented service to cog in the big-media machine. Tech designer Stowe Boyd argued Twitter "is headed right into the central DNA of medialand," and tech blogger Ben Brooks said Twitter is now preoccupied with securing big-media partnerships: "Twitter has sold out. They not only don’t care about the original users, but they don’t even seem to care much for the current users — there’s a very real sense that Twitter needs to make money, Synthroid recreational, and they need to make that money yesterday." Developer Rafe Colburn pointed out how many of Twitter's functions were developed by its users, and developer Nick Bruun said many of the apps that Twitter is going after don't mimic its user experience, but significantly improve it. Killing those apps and streamlining the experience, said GigaOM's Mathew Ingram, doesn't help users, but hurts them. Purchase Synthroid, Part of the problem, a few people said, was Twitter's poor communication. Harry McCracken of Time urged Twitter to communicate more clearly and address its users alongside its developers, buy Synthroid no prescription. Tech entrepreneur Anil Dash offered a rewritten (and quite sympathetic) version of Twitter's guidelines.
There's another group of developers affected by this change — news developers. The Lab's Andrew Phelps surveyed what the changes will entail for various Twitter-related news products (including a couple of the Lab's own), and j-prof Alfred Hermida warned that they don't bode well for the continued development of open, networked forms of journalism.
Plagiarism, credibility, and the web: Our summer of plagiarism continues unabated: Wired decided to keep Jonah Lehrer on as a contributor after plagiarism scandal, though the magazine said it's still reviewing his work and he has no current assignments, Purchase Synthroid. Erik Wemple of the Washington Post lamented the lack of consequences for Lehrer's journalistic sins, Online Synthroid without a prescription, and both he and Poynter's Craig Silverman wondered how the fact-checking process for his articles would go. Meanwhile, Lehrer was accused by another source of fabricating quotes and also came under scrutiny for mischaracterizing scientific findings.
The other plagiarizer du jour, Time and CNN's Fareed Zakaria, has come out much better than Lehrer so far. Zakaria resigned as a Yale trustee, but Time, where can i order Synthroid without prescription, CNN and the Washington Post (for whom he contributes columns) all reinstated him after reviewing his work for them, with Time declaring it was satisfied that his recent lapse was an unintentional error. Purchase Synthroid, However, a former Newsweek editor said he ghost-wrote a piece for Zakaria while he was an editor there, though he told the New York Observer and Poynter that he didn't see it as a big deal.
Some defended Zakaria on a variety of grounds. Poynter's Andrew Beaujon evaluated a few of the arguments and found only one might have merit — that the plagiarism might have resulted from a research error by one of his assistants. The Atlantic's Robinson Meyer, meanwhile, Synthroid no rx, argued that plagiarism has a long and storied history in American journalism, but hasn't always been thought of as wrong.
Others saw the responses by news organizations toward both Zakaria and Lehrer as insufficient. Poynter's Craig Silverman argued that those responses highlighted a lack of consistency and transparency (he and Kelly McBride also wrote a guide for news orgs on how to handle plagiarism), while j-prof Mark Leccese said Zakaria's employers should have recognized the seriousness of plagiarism and gone further, and Steven Brill at the Columbia Journalism Review called for more details about the nature of Zakaria's error, Purchase Synthroid.
A New York Times account of Zakaria's error focused on his hectic lifestyle, filled with the demands of being a 21st-century, multiplatform, personally branded pundit. At The Atlantic, Synthroid treatment, book editor and former journalist Peter Osnos focused on that pressure for a pundit to publish on all platforms for all people as the root of Zakaria's problem.
The Times' David Carr pinpointed another factor — the availability of shortcuts to credibility on the web that allowed Lehrer to become a superstar before he learned the craft. (Carr found Lehrer's problems far more concerning than Zakaria's.) At Salon, Michael Barthel also highlighted the difference between traditional media and web culture, arguing that the problem for people like Zakaria is their desire to inhabit both worlds at once: "The way journalists demonstrate credibility on the Web isn’t better than how they do in legacy media. It’s just almost entirely different Purchase Synthroid, . For those journalists and institutions caught in the middle, that’s a real problem." GigaOM's Mathew Ingram argued that linking is a big part of the web's natural defenses against plagiarism.
Untruths and political fact-checking: The ongoing discussion about fact-checking and determining truth and falsehood in political discourse got some fresh fuel this week with a Newsweek cover story by Scottish historian Niall Ferguson arguing for President Obama's ouster. Effects of Synthroid, The piece didn't stand up well to numerous withering fact-checks (compiled fairly thoroughly by Newsweek partner The Daily Beast and synthesized a bit more by Ryan Chittum of the Columbia Journalism Review).
Ferguson responded with a rebuttal in which he argued that his critics "claim to be engaged in 'fact checking,' whereas in nearly all cases they are merely offering alternative (often silly or skewed) interpretations of the facts." Newsweek's editor, Tina Brown, likewise referred to the story as opinion (though not one she necessarily agreed with) and said there isn't "a clear delineation of right and wrong here."
Aside from framing the criticism as a simple difference of opinion rather than an issue of factual (in)correctness, Newsweek also acknowledged to Politico that it doesn't have fact-checkers — that its editors "rely on our writers to submit factually accurate material." Poynter's Craig Silverman provided some of the history behind that decision, which prompted some rage from Charles Apple of the American Copy Editors Society. Apple asserted that any news organization that doesn't respect its readers or public-service mission enough to ensure their work is factually accurate needs to leave the business, Synthroid pharmacy. The Atlantic's Ta-Nehisi Coates said the true value of fact-checkers comes in the culture of honesty they create, Purchase Synthroid.
Mathew Ingram of GigaOM wondered if that fact-checking process might be better done in public, where readers can see the arguments and inform themselves. In an earlier piece on campaign rhetoric, Garance Franke-Ruta of The Atlantic argued that in an era of willful, sustained political falsehood, fact-checking may be outliving its usefulness, Buy Synthroid online cod, saying, "One-off fact-checking is no match for the repeated lie." The Lab's Andrew Phelps, meanwhile, went deep inside the web's leading fact-checking operation, PolitiFact.
The Times' new CEO and incremental change: The New York Times Co. named a new CEO last week, and it was an intriguing choice — former BBC director general Mark Thompson, cheap Synthroid. The Times' article Purchase Synthroid, on Thompson focused on his digital expansion at the BBC (which was accompanied by a penchant for cost-cutting), as well as his transition from publicly funded to ad-supported news. According to the International Business Times, those issues were all sources of skepticism within the Times newsroom. Bloomberg noted that Thompson will still be subject to Arthur Sulzberger's vision for the Times, and at the Guardian, Michael Wolff said Thompson should complement that vision well, as a more realistic and business-savvy counter to Sulzberger. Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, The Daily Beast's Peter Jukes pointed out that many of the BBC's most celebrated innovations during Thompson's tenure were not his doing. Robert Andrews of paidContent also noted this, but said Thompson's skill lay in being able to channel that bottom-up innovation to fit the BBC's goals. Media analyst Ken Doctor argued that the BBC and the Times may be more alike than people think, and Thompson's experience at the former may transfer over well to the latter: "Thompson brings the experience at moving, too slowly for some, too dramatically for others, a huge entity." But Mathew Ingram of GigaOM said that kind of approach won't be enough: "The bottom line is that a business-as-usual or custodial approach is not going to cut it at the NYT, not when revenues are declining as rapidly as they have been."
Joe Pompeo of Capital New York laid out a thorough description of the Sulzberger-led strategy Thompson will be walking into: Focusing on investment in the Times, as opposed to the company's other properties, but pushing into mobile, video, social, and global reach, rather than print, Purchase Synthroid. And Bloomberg's Edmund Lee posited the idea that the Times could be in increasingly good position to go private.
The Assange case and free speech vs. women's rights: WikiLeaks' Julian Assange cleared another hurdle last week — for now — in his fight to avoid extradition to Sweden on sexual assault accusations when Ecuador announced it would grant him asylum. Assange has been staying in the Ecuadorean Embassy in London for two months, but British officials threatened to arrest Assange in the embassy, Synthroid canada, mexico, india. Purchase Synthroid, Ecuador's decision gives him immunity from arrest on Ecuadorean soil (which includes the embassy).
Assange gave a typically defiant speech for the occasion, but the British government was undeterred, saying it plans to resolve the situation diplomatically and send Assange to Sweden. Ecuador's president said an embassy raid would be diplomatic suicide for the U.K., and Techdirt's Mike Masnick was appalled that Britain would even suggest it. Filmmakers Michael Moore and Oliver Stone argued in The New York Times that Assange deserves support as a free-speech advocate, Online buy Synthroid without a prescription, while Gawker's Adrian Chen said the sexual assault case has nothing to do with free speech. Laurie Penny of The Independent looked at the way free speech and women's rights are being pitted against each other in this case.
Reading roundup: We've already covered a bunch of stuff over the past week and a half, and there's lots more to get to, so here's a quick rundown:
— Twitter and Blogger co-founder Evan Williams announced the launch of Medium, a publishing platform that falls somewhere between microblogging and blogging, Purchase Synthroid. The Lab's Joshua Benton has the definitive post on what Medium might be, Dave Winer outlined his hopes for it, and The Awl's Choire Sicha wrote about the anti-advertising bent at sites like it.
— A few social-news notes: Two features from the Huffington Post and The Lab on Buzzfeed's ramped-up political news plans; TechCrunch's comparison of Buzzfeed, Reddit, and Digg; and a feature from the Daily Dot on Reddit and the future of social journalism.
— The alt-weekly The Village Voice laid off staffers late last week, prompting Jim Romenesko to report that the paper is on the verge of collapse and Buzzfeed's Rosie Gray to chronicle its demise. Poynter's Andrew Beaujon said the paper still has plenty left, and The New York Times' David Carr said the problem is that the information ecosystem has outgrown alt-weeklies.
— Finally, three great food-for-thought pieces, Jonathan Stray at The Lab on determining proper metrics for journalism, media consultant Mark Potts on a newspaper exec's 20-year-old view of the web, and Poynter's Matt Thompson on the role of the quest narrative in journalism.
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Facebook simplifies privacy control: After about a month of loud, sustained criticism, Facebook bowed to public pressure and instituted some changes Wednesday to users' privacy settings. The default status of most of the data on Facebook — that is, public —hasn't changed, but the social networking site did make it easier for users to determine and control their various privacy settings. For some social media critics, the tweaks were enough to close the book on this whole privacy brouhaha, Buy generic Flagyl, but others weren't so satisfied with Facebook. Here at the Lab, Megan Garber seized on the theme of "control" in Facebook's announcement, arguing that the company is acknowledging that online sharing is as much individual and self-interested as it is communal and selfless.
Their comments were part of continued attacks on Facebook's privacy stance that began to shift from "Facebook is evil" to "So what do we do now?" Facebook's new, more private rivals escalated their efforts to provide an alternative, Flagyl over the counter, while social media researcher Danah Boyd argued that leaving Facebook would be futile and instead urged users to "challenge Facebook to live up to a higher standard." Several legal and web thinkers also discussed whether the government should regulate Facebook's privacy policies, and the Harvard Business Review's Bruce Nussbaum made the case that Facebook has alienated the generational principles of its primary user base of millennials. (Mathew Ingram of GigaOm disagreed.)
But amid all that, Facebook — or at least the sharing of personal information — got another defender: The prominent tech thinker Steven Johnson. In a thoughtful essay for Time, He used the example of media critic Jeff Jarvis' public bout with prostate cancer to argue that living in public has its virtues, too. "We have to learn how to break with that most elemental of parental commandments: Don't talk to strangers," Johnson wrote. Buy Flagyl No Prescription, "It turns out that strangers have a lot to give us that's worthwhile, and we to them." Of course, Johnson argues, being public or private is for the first time a decision, and it requires a new kind of literacy to go with it.
Paywalls and the links between old and new media: The Pew Research Center's Project for Excellence in Journalism released a study examining the way several big news topics were discussed across several online news platforms, Where can i buy cheapest Flagyl online, and as usual, it's a whole lot of discoveries to sift through. Among the headlines that Pew pointed out in its summary: Twitter users share more technology news than other platforms, the traditional press may be underemphasizing international news, blogs and the press have different news agendas, and Twitter is less tied to traditional media than blogs. (Mashable has another good roundup, online buy Flagyl without a prescription, focusing on the differences between the traditional media and the blogosphere.
The study did take some heat online: TBD's Steve Buttry took issue with the assertion that most original reporting comes from traditional journalists, and the Knight Digital Media Center's Amy Gahran dug into the study's methodology and argued that Pew selected from a list of blogs predisposed to discuss what the traditional media is reporting, and that Pew's definition of news is shaped by circular reasoning.
Gahran was looking at what turned out to be the most attention-grabbing statistic from the study: That 99 percent of the stories blogs link to are produced by the mainstream media, and more than 80 percent come from just four news outlets — the BBC, CNN, The New York Times and the Washington Post, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. DailyFinance media columnist Jeff Bercovici used that statistic to caution that the Times may be giving up a valuable place as one of the top drivers of online news discussion by implementing its paywall next year. Flagyl used for, Reuters' Felix Salmon echoed that warning, adding that if the Times is truly keeping the doors to its site open to bloggers, it should be trumpeting that as loudly as possible. And wouldn't you know it — the next day the Times did just that, reiterating that links to their site from blogs won't count against the limit of free visits.
Meanwhile, Rupert Murdoch's British newspaper the Times and Sunday Times unveiled plans for its soon-to-be-erected paywall, Flagyl price, coupon, including the fact that all of the sites' articles will be blocked from all search engines. Buy Flagyl No Prescription, The Times and New York Times' paywalls were almost tailor-made for being contrasted, and that's exactly what the Lab's Jason Fry did, using them as examples of an open vs. closed paradigm regarding paid content.
A challenger to the AP's model: We found out about a fascinating news innovation this week at the TechCrunch Disrupt Conference, where the online news sharing company Publish2 revealed News Exchange, its new content-sharing service for publishers. Flagyl maximum dosage, Essentially, News Exchange is a way for media outlets, both online-only and traditional, to send and receive stories to each other for publication while retaining control of what they share and with whom.
If that sounds like a free, open version of The Associated Press, it's because that's exactly what Publish2 sees it as, Flagyl duration. At the conference, Publish2's Scott Karp came out against The Associated Press with both guns blazing, calling it "a big enemy of newspapers" and "an obsolete, inefficient monopoly ripe for destruction." Publish2's goal, he said, is to "Craigslist the AP." (In a blog post, Publish2's Ryan Sholin went into some more detail about why and how.)
Publish2's bold idea was met with mixed reactions among both the tech and media crowds: A few of TechCrunch's panelists wondered whether print publications were worth building a business around, but they were impressed enough to advance it to the final round of the conference's startup competition anyhow, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. NYU j-prof Jay Rosen called it "an extension into print of 'do what you do best and link to the rest,'" and CUNY j-prof C.W. Anderson said he was thrilled to watch Publish2 take on an irrational system but concerned that the tangle of CMS's could trip it up. But media consultant Mark Potts noted that much of what the AP transmits is news it reports and produces, something Publish2 isn't going to try to do. Flagyl use, It's rare that we see such a bold, explicit attempt to take down such an established news organization, so this will doubtless be a project to keep a close eye on.
A disappointing iPad app and an open-web debate: A couple of iPad-related developments and debates this week: While publishers cautiously awaited Buy Flagyl No Prescription, the iPad's international release this week, Wired magazine released its iPad app this week — an eagerly awaited app in tech circles. The app is $5 per month, significantly more than the $10 per year that the magazine charges subscribers. Gizmodo Australia's John Herrman called it "unequivocally, the best magazine for the iPad, online Flagyl without a prescription," but still wasn't entirely impressed. It's too expensive, takes up too much space, and doesn't deliver the reinvention of the magazine that we were expecting, he said. Flagyl photos, Lost Remote's Steve Safran was harsher — calling it a magazine dropped into an app. "Simply taking your existing magazine and sticking in some video does not make it a more attractive offering; it makes it a website from 2003," he said.
The New York Times Magazine's Virginia Heffernan ruffled a few feathers this week with a short essay on "The Death of the Open Web," in which she compared the move into the carefully controlled environs of Apple's products like the iPhone and iPad to white flight, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. Web writers Stowe Boyd and Tim Maly refuted Heffernan's argument, pointing primarily to the iPhone and iPad's browser and arguing that it keeps the door open to virtually everything the web has to offer. And blogging pioneer Dave Winer said the phrase "death of the open web" is rendered meaningless by the fact that it can't be verified. In a final quick iPad note, the journalism and programming site Hacks/Hackers hosted a conference in which attendees built an impressive 12 iPad apps in 30 hours, after Flagyl.
Reading roundup: This week, we've got two news items and a handful of other thoughtful or helpful pieces to take a look at. Buy Flagyl No Prescription, — The Bay Citizen, a nonprofit local news site based in San Francisco, launched this week. The San Francisco Bay Guardian took a look at the challenges in front of the Bay Citizen, Poynter used it as a lens to view four trends among news startups, and the Chicago Reader examined the Chicago News Cooperative, Purchase Flagyl online no prescription, another nonprofit news startup that also provides stories to The New York Times. The Lab's Laura McGann also gave some tips for launching a news site the right way.
— Forbes bought the personal publishing site True/Slant, whose founder, Lewis Dvorkin, is a former Forbes staffer. Dvorkinexplained his decision to sell, and Felix Salmon expressed his skepticism about True/Slant's future.
— Longtime journalists Tom Foremski and Caitlin Kelly both wrote thoughtful posts on what happens when pageviews become a high priority within news organizations, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. They're not optimistic.
— Two pieces to bookmark for future reference: Mashable has a thorough but digestible overview of five ways to make money off of news online, and TBD's Steve Buttry gives some fantastic tips for landing a job in digital journalism.
— Finally, NewsCred's Shafqat Islam has a wonderful guide to creating effective topic pages for news. This one should be a must-read for any news org looking seriously at context-driven news online.
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