[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab on March 8, 2013.] The ethics of freelancing for free: […]
[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Flagyl Cost, on April 15, 2011.]
Are HuffPo bloggers being exploited?: Arianna Huffington spent last week axing many of AOL's paid writers, and this week she heard from a few of the unpaid ones in the form of a class-action lawsuit filed by Huffington Post bloggers, led by longtime HuffPo blogger Jonathan Tasini. The Washington Post explained Tasini's claims that HuffPo had breached its contract with bloggers by failing to come through the "implied promise" of compensation, and that it was "unjustly enriched" by the unpaid bloggers' contributions. PaidContent, Buy Flagyl without a prescription, meanwhile, said this suit isn't much like Tasini's suit against The New York Times.
Reaction to the suit online was virtually universal: Most everyone agreed that this suit is a non-starter. Huffington herself did the best job of bringing together the various suit slams, arguing, like many of them, buy Flagyl from mexico, that the exposure that HuffPo provides is plenty of compensation for its bloggers: "People blog on HuffPost for free for the same reason they go on cable TV shows every night for free: either because they are passionate about their ideas or because they have something to promote and want exposure to large and multiple audiences."
Many of the critiques of the suit make similar points, so I'll just hit the highlights. Mike Masnick of TechDirt put the sharpest point on it: "You, Flagyl forum, of your own free will, agree to contribute work for free. Then, you file a lawsuit complaining that this is depressing the market for your work, Flagyl Cost. And you expect anyone to take you seriously?" Business Insider's Glynnis MacNicol and Slate's Jack Shafer also made the argument well, with MacNicol speaking from experience as a HuffPo blogger and Shafer noting that Tasini was happy with his arrangement until he saw some money could be had.
Others extended Tasini's logic to more absurd conclusions: Conservative legal blogger Eugene Volokh said if Tasini were right, order Flagyl online c.o.d, he'd be exploiting his commenters, and CUNY j-prof Jeff Jarvis extended the same analogy to Wikipedians and Little League coaches. PR professional Simon Owens saw a dangerous precedent for other sites with free contributors. Discount Flagyl, John Bethune of B2B Memes wrote, tongue-in-cheek, that perhaps Huffington owes all of us some money for making her site valuable by reading it over the years.
Still Huffington's way obviously isn't the only one: Forbes' Jeff Bercovici talked to the New York Times Flagyl Cost, about why they pay their (non-public figure) op-ed contributors. And a few other notes about Huffington's ongoing AOL revamp — Advertising Age's Michael Learmonth on AOL's new aggregation-heavy strategy, Patch is hiring as the new model is extended to its sites, order Flagyl from mexican pharmacy, and Bercovici's account of the grievances of the newly laid-off "freelancers."
Some unclear data on the Times' pay plan: It's only been a couple of weeks since the New York Times put up its metered pay system, but we got our first glimpse at its effect on the Times' traffic this week with some numbers from Heather Dougherty at Hitwise. Compared with the 12 days before the system went into place, Doses Flagyl work, the Times' unique visitors down between 5% and 15% per day and its page views down 11% to 30%. PaidContent's Joseph Tarkatoff has a few good bits of analysis of the figures.
Those numbers fell in that ambiguous no man's land between success and failure, allowing both supporters and skeptics of the plan to claim them as confirmation. Nate Silver of the Times' FiveThirtyEight called the data "very promising" if it holds, and Business Insider's Noah Davis noted that the Times' dropoff was smaller than Gawker's post-redesign decline, cheap Flagyl. On the other side, Mathew Ingram of GigaOM said that 15% is a high number of its readers for the Times to lose, suggesting that even the threat of a paywall has been enough to deter them from visiting, Flagyl Cost. Likewise, Mike Masnick of Techdirt called it "an awful lot of potential ad revenue lost."
Others were less willing to make pronouncements: VentureBeat's Anthony Ha called the change "only natural" but said it could be dangerous if it continues. Both he and Chris O'Shea of FishbowlNY said it's too early to determine anything meaningful yet, Buy Flagyl online no prescription, though. Media analyst Ken Doctor, meanwhile, took a closer look at the Times' subscription sponsorship deal with the carmaker Lincoln.
Elsewhere in the world of online news paywalls, Flagyl class, paidContent's Robert Andrews reported on the UK government's ongoing efforts to make walled-off material available for free through libraries, and Mashable's Meghan Peters explored the ways paywalls are affecting news orgs' social media strategies.
Identifying devoted fans through Facebook: Facebook launched Flagyl Cost, a new "Journalists on Facebook" page last week as part of an effort to draw attention to its possible uses for news organizations, and Josh Constine of Inside Facebook argued this week that while the journalism world seems to be particularly enamored with Twitter right now, Facebook's richer content options could pay off more in the long run, though they might require more effort than Twitter does.
The New Yorker tried out one of those Facebook-centric strategies in a novel way this week by making a Jonathan Franzen story available online only to people who "liked" Conde Nast on Facebook. Flagyl dose, The magazine's spokeswoman, Alexa Cassanos, told Poynter's Damon Kiesow the "like-wall" was not an effort to boost its Facebook fan count, but to find people who are fans of long-form journalism on a deeper level. Rather than a pile of casually interested fans, about Flagyl, Cassanos said, "We would much rather have a few thousand fans who really enjoy the content and stick with it."
On the Twitter side of things, former CEO Evan Williams wrote a thoughtful post trying to untangle the thicket of online identity by organizing it into a framework of categories he developed with Twitter CTO Greg Pass: Authentication, Flagyl pharmacy, representation, communication, personalization, and reputation. (I should note that while the framework was developed at Twitter, order Flagyl online overnight delivery no prescription, it was thought up with the whole web in mind.) Tech conference organizer Eric Norlin tweaked Williams' categories and suggested breaking it down by the specificity with which things are associated with us.
Web thinker Stowe Boyd, meanwhile, critiqued it as being too tools- or marketing-centric while ignoring the more philosophical aspects of online identity, like publicy and context, Flagyl Cost. Mathew Ingram of GigaOM concurred with him, saying that a transactional idea of identity misses the larger, Buy cheap Flagyl no rx, messier aspects of how we define ourselves online, offering the failure of Google Buzz as an example.
Reading roundup: Lots of little bits and pieces this week to go with our continued fixation on AOL and the New York Times. Here's a quick tour:
— I'm a bit surprised it didn't generate more buzz, but WikiLeaks' Julian Assange made his first public appearance since his December arrest last weekend, defending WikiLeaks' accountability at a British debate, and taking questions via Skype at a UC-Berkeley conference.
— A couple of interesting items regarding linking: Reuters' Anthony DeRosa wondered why traditional media orgs don't link out more, and USC's Robert Niles talked to Maryland j-prof Ronald Yaros about a study he led that found that explanatory links work best in news stories — provided they're placed inside explanatory text.
— According to Poynter's Damon Kiesow, we got a surprising entry in the iPad news app field this week: Bing.
— Finally, two thoughtful pieces — one from British journalist Kevin Anderson on the need to rethink what exactly newspapers do, and an interview by the Lab's C.W. Anderson with the Reuters Institute's David Levy and Danish j-prof Rasmus Kleis Nielsen on the need to take the future-of-news conversation beyond the U.S.
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[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Lipitor Price, on April 8, 2011.]
Arianna's AOL thins its ranks: Some weeks are just like this: The three biggest stories were the Huffington Post, the New York Times, and the Huffington Post vs. the New York Times. I'll try to tackle them one at a time, starting with HuffPo (and AOL), then covering its battle with the Times, then going to the Times' paywall. Clear as mud, Lipitor gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release. All right then.
While we might have thought HuffPo would have been absorbed into "the AOL Way" when it was bought last month, but as the Wall Street Journal's Jessica Vascellaro reported, it seems the reverse is happening: Arianna Huffington is doing away with parts of AOL's content farm-ish strategy and remaking it in her own image, Lipitor Price. That seems to be good thing, but there is a less happy side, too: Job cuts. By this week, Is Lipitor addictive, they had hit freelancers in just about every content area at AOL — business and finance (though some will apparently be hired into full-time jobs), TV, and movies. (In the latter case, the executive asked laid-off stringers to continue writing for free, then got fired herself.)
All these cuts weren't exactly unexpected, but that didn't make them popular, buy Lipitor from canada, of course. Laid-off freelancer Carter Maness described his frustration at the way AOL handled the move, and Forbes' Jeff Bercovici wondered if the laid-off writers might have a case for termination without notice under New York law. Lipitor Price, Others are chafing under Huffington's labor conditions, too: In the Los Angeles Times, Michael Walker compared the Newspaper Guild's boycott of HuffPo with the 1979 Comedy Store strike. Bercovici criticized the comparison, arguing that the work of HuffPo's unpaid bloggers is of relatively little value to the site. Lipitor photos, TechCrunch's Paul Carr (also part of the AOL empire) couldn't muster much sympathy. The value of writing for the Huffington Post, he said, is greater than the sacrifice of writing for free. Carr also asserted that most of the laid-off writers weren't producing much of value anyway. "A mass cull of non-talent is exactly what Arianna Huffington needed to do to assert her editorial authority over Aol’s content," he wrote. Meanwhile, the American Journalism Review took a look at some of the real talent that's left — the (paid) reporters who have left prestigious news outlets to write for HuffPo, Lipitor Price.
The aggregation-original reporting showdown: Ever since this passive-aggressive column by New York Times editor Bill Keller, Lipitor steet value, the Times and the Huffington Post have been engaging in an odd little tiff with the general theme of "aggregation vs. original reporting." Both sides kept up the fight this week, in the form of an April Fool's paywall announcement by Huffington and a nasty interview of Huffington in the New York Times Magazine. Reuters' Felix Salmon also documented the Times' refusal to credit (or link to) HuffPo when writing about a few government documents it leaked.
Several observers attempted to make some sense of this conflict, Australia, uk, us, usa, and the Times didn't come out well in any of those analyses. Lipitor Price, Salmon said the Times is lashing out because it's feeling threatened by HuffPo, and New York's Chris Rovsar argued that in order to sell it's paid-content plan, the Times is "turning Arianna Huffington into a straw man, using a caricature of her standards to better frame their own." CUNY j-prof Jeff Jarvis tried to lay out exactly what the Times thinks is wrong with HuffPo: It's not actually content, but instead conversation and aggregation, which is a) worthless, and b) cheating.
Aaron Bady made a deeper version of Rovsar's point, drawing on a paper presented last weekend by CUNY j-prof C.W. Anderson, who argued that while the lines between "aggregating" and "original reporting" are talked about as if they're clear, they are pretty blurry and unstable. Bady then concluded that both Keller and Huffington are trying to stake out their status as the center of Real Journalism by painting the other as being less than real, Lipitor cost. The Online Journalism Review's Robert Niles argued that all reporting is aggregation, though Anderson was skeptical.
Defending the Times' meter: As Bady noted, the Times has a huge incentive to defend its journalistic turf right now — a newly instituted plan to begin charging for its online content, Lipitor Price. Times execs addressed some of the conversation (and criticism) swirling around its pay system in a panel at Columbia University (audio here). Times Publisher Arthur Sulzberger Jr. disputed reports that the paper spent $40 million to develop the plan, and paidContent's Staci Kramer reported that the number is actually closer to $25 million — including about a third of the company's 2010 capital investment. Lipitor from canadian pharmacy, In the discussion, Sulzberger also ridiculed the idea that the Times' pay system is too complex, sarcastically comparing it to print subscription plans, He also likened getting around the pay plan online to stealing a paper from the newsstand, as he's described it in the past. (The Columbia Journalism Review also has a couple of notes about Sulzberger's comments about possible threats from HuffPo and the Wall Street Journal.)
Another news organization entered into the Times meter-beating space late last week: The Atlantic Wire, with a daily summary of what from the Times is most worth reading, real brand Lipitor online. The Lab's Megan Garber explained Lipitor Price, why she thinks it's more of a "respectful tribute" to the Times than the stereotypical parasitic aggregation.
SB Nation's gain is AOL's loss: The sports blog network SB Nation made the week's most intriguing personnel move when it snapped up the team behind the popular tech blog Engadget to make its own move into the world of gadget/tech blogging. PaidContent's Staci Kramer talked to SB Nation CEO Jim Bankoff about why the move into tech makes sense (advertisers are looking for "young, tech-savvy, affluent males" — the same demographic targeted by sports blogs).
Of course, My Lipitor experience, this story, too, ties into AOL, as Engadget is an AOL blog, and Bankoff is the guy who brought it into the AOL fold back in 2005. The New York Times' David Carr, who broke the story, online buying Lipitor hcl, used the defections as a cautionary tale for AOL, concluding that "AOL has found a way to acquire what it cannot build, but it still hasn’t found a way to hang on to what it has."
Outgoing Engadget editor-in-chief Joshua Topolsky hinted at his beef with AOL in his post announcing the move, saying SB Nation believes in new media's potential as an "antidote to big publishing houses and SEO spam." And while Arianna Huffington is helping AOL move away from the "AOL Way" that the Engadget folks disliked so much, GigaOM's Mathew Ingram noted that her strategy is new and internal suspicions about it are likely to be high. Meanwhile, Business Insider's Nicholas Carlson argued that readers don't care who's in charge of Engadget, Lipitor Price. Kjøpe Lipitor på nett, köpa Lipitor online, —
Reading roundup: Other stuff happened outside the AOL/Huffington Post/New York Times bubble — honest. Here's a quick overview:
— The University of Texas held its annual International Symposium on Online Journalism last weekend, and University of British Columbia j-prof Alfred Hermida blogged the heck out of it, producing 16 posts on the conference's panels and speakers. A few posts to check out in particular: Former NPR CEO Vivian Schiller's reasons for optimism about journalism, poor use of Twitter by mainstream media outlets, and lessons on audience engagement, taking Lipitor. I also summarized the conference's main themes.
— Some paid-content notes: British advertising magnate Sir Martin Sorrell argued Lipitor Price, for the media to charge for news online (alongside government subsidy), but GigaOM's Mathew Ingram thought his idea was terrible. Elsewhere, the San Francisco Chronicle is jumping on the paid-content train, and the AP's Jonathan Stray proposed an open-API paid syndication system between content creators and aggregators.
— For the sports-media crowd: Dallas Mavericks owner and former Yahoo mogul Mark Cuban tried to parse out what media sources should and shouldn't be allowed in locker rooms. Lipitor schedule, Dan Shanoff of Quickish broke down Cuban's points, and Craig Calcaterra of NBC Sports' Hardball talk issued a defense of paid bloggers and reporters in general.
— The local content network Examiner.com is often seen as one of the web's "content farms," but it took a couple of steps toward higher quality this week, producing a white paper that analyzed their quality issues and proposed pay incentives based on quality guidelines, and adding several respected media folks to its advisory board.
— If you're wondering how The Daily is doing, buying Lipitor online over the counter, it's tough to find solid information, since News Corp. is keeping it close to the vest. But the Lab's Josh Benton find a nifty way to guesstimate its engagement by measuring in-app tweets. Here's the resulting data, in two fascinating posts.
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