[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Order Diflucan, on February 10, 2012.]
Is Facebook a threat to the open web?: There was still a lot of smart commentary on Facebook's filing for a public stock offering rolling in last late week, so I'll start with a couple pieces I missed in last week's review: Both the Atlantic's Alexis Madrigal and Slate's Farhad Manjoo were skeptical of Facebook's ability to stay so financially successful. Madrigal said it's going to have to get a lot more than the $4.39 in revenue per user it's currently getting, and Manjoo wondered about what happens after the social gaming craze that's been providing so much of Facebook's revenue passes.
How to supplement those revenue streams. A lot of the answer's going to come from personal data aggregation, and law professor Lori Andrews wrote in the New York Times about some of the dark sides of that practice, Diflucan over the counter, including stereotyping and discrimination. Facebook also needs to move more deeply into mobile, and Wired's Tim Carmody documented its struggles in that area. On the bright side, Wired's Steven Levy approved of Mark Zuckerberg's letter to shareholders and his articulation of The Hacker Way, Order Diflucan.
Facebook's filing also spurred an intriguing discussion of the relationship between it, Google, and the open web. As web pioneer John Battelle said best and the Atlantic's James Fallows summarized aptly, Diflucan long term, several observers were concerned that Facebook's rise and Google's potential decline is a loss for the open web, because Google built its financial success on the success of the open web while Facebook's success depends on increased sharing inside its own private channels. As Battelle argued, this private orientation threatens the core values that should drive the Internet: decentralization, a commons-based ethos, Canada, mexico, india, neutrality, interoperability, and data openness. Mathew Ingram of GigaOM countered that users don't care so much about openness as usefulness, and that's what could eventually do Facebook in.
Another Facebook-related discussion sprung up around Evgeny Morozov's piece for the New York Times lamenting the death of cyberflânerie — the practice of strolling through the streets of the web alone, taking in and reflecting on its sights and sounds. Order Diflucan, Among other factors, he pinpointed Facebook's "frictionless sharing" as the culprit, by mandating that all experiences be shared and tailored to our narrow interests. Sociologist Zeynep Tufekci pushed back against Morozov's argument, buy Diflucan without a prescription, countering that there's still plenty of room for sharing-based serendipity because our friends' interests don't exactly line up with our own. And journalist Dana Goldstein argued that a lot of what yesterday's flâneurs did is still echoed in the web today, for better or worse — cyberstalking, trying out new identities, and presenting our ideal selves to the public. Discount Diflucan, —
The clampdown on breaking news via Twitter: One of international journalism's leaders in social media innovation, News Corp.'s Sky News, issued a surprisingly stern crackdown on its journalists' Twitter practices, Banning them from retweeting information from any other journalists without clearing it past the news desk and from tweeting about anything outside their beats.
The were a few people in favor of the new policy — Forbes' Ewan Spence applauded the 'better right than first' approach, and Fleet Street Blues rather headscratchingly asserted that " it makes no sense for them to pay journalists to report through a medium outside its own editorial controls." But far more people were crying out in opposition.
Reuters' Anthony De Rosa reiterated that argument that a retweet is simply a quote, rather than an endorsement, and Breaking News' Cory Bergman said not all the broadcast rules apply to Twitter — it's OK to be human there, Order Diflucan. GigaOM's Mathew Ingram and POLIS' Charlie Beckett made the point that Sky should want its reporters to be seen as go-to information sources, buy Diflucan from canada, period — no matter where the information comes from. As Beckett put it: "We the audience now privilege interactivity and added value over conformity. We trust you because you share, not because you have hierarchical structures."
The BBC also updated its social media guidelines to urge reporters not to break news on Twitter before they file it to the BBC's internal systems. BBC social media editor Chris Hamilton quickly clarified that the policy wasn't as restrictive as it sounded: The BBC's tech allows its journalists to file simultaneously to Twitter and to its newsroom CMS (an impressive feat in itself), Fast shipping Diflucan, and when that tech isn't available, they want their journalists to file to the newsroom first — "a difference of a few seconds."
J-prof Alfred Hermida said the idea that journalists shouldn't break news on Twitter rests on the flawed assumption that journalists have a monopoly on breaking the news. Order Diflucan, And on Twitter, fellow media prof C.W. Anderson asserted that the chief problem lies in the idea that breaking news adds significant value to a story. "The debate over "breaking news on Twitter" is a perfect example of mistaking professional values for public / financial / "rational" ones," he wrote.
An unclear picture of the Times' paywall: The New York Times released its fourth-quarter results late last week, and, purchase Diflucan online, as usual with their recent announcements, it proved something of a media business Rorschach test. The company reported a loss of $39.7 million for the year, thanks in large part to declines in advertising revenue — though most of that was due to About.com, as revenue in its news division was slightly up for the quarter.
As for the paywall, the Times reported 324,000 digital subscribers, with a total of 390,000 once you added in the International Herald Tribune, Order Diflucan. Diflucan used for, Media analyst Ken Doctor estimated the Times' paywall revenue at $86 million and said the paper has climbed a big mountain in getting more than 70% of its print subscribers to sign up for online access. Reuters' Felix Salmon saw the paywall numbers as "unamiguously good news" and said it shows the paywall hasn't eaten into ad revenues as much as it was expected to.
Others were a bit less optimistic. GigaOM's Mathew Ingram said the Times' new paywall revenue still isn't enough to make up for its ad revenue declines, and urged the times to go beyond the paywall in hunting for digital revenue. Media analyst Greg Satell made a similar point Order Diflucan, , arguing that the paywall is a false hope and calling for the Times build up more "satellite" brands online, like the Wall Street Journal's All Things Digital. Henry Blodget of Business Insider had a different solution: Keep cutting costs until the newsroom is down to a size that can be supported by a digital operation.
A nonprofit journalism merger: After a few weeks of speculation, kjøpe Diflucan på nett, köpa Diflucan online, two of the U.S.' more prominent nonprofit news operations, the Bay Citizen and the Center for Investigative Reporting, have announced their intent to merge. Both groups are based in California's Bay Area, and the CIR runs the statewide news org California Watch. Diflucan from mexico, The executive director of the new organization would be Phil Bronstein, the CIR board chairman and former San Francisco Chronicle editor.
Opinions on the move were mixed: Oakland Local founder (and former California Watch consultant) Susan Mernit thought it would make a lot of sense, combining the Bay Citizen's strengths in funding and distribution with California Watch's strengths in editorial content, Order Diflucan. Likewise, the Lab's Ken Doctor saw it as an opportunity to make local nonprofit journalism work at an unprecedented scale.
There are reasons for caution, though. As Jim Romenesko noted, buy cheap Diflucan, the Bay Citizen has recently gone through several key departures and the unexpected death of its co-founder and main benefactor, Warren Hellman (and even forgot to renew its web domain for a bit). And California Watch pointed out some of the potential conflicts between the two newsrooms — California Watch has a partnership with the Chronicle, whom the Bay Citizen considers a competitor. Order Diflucan, And the Bay Citizen has its own partnership with the New York Times for its regional edition, something PBS MediaShift's Ashwin Seshagiri said could now prove as much a hindrance as an advantage.
J-prof Jay Rosen said the two orgs aren't a good fit because of their differing institutional bases — the CIR is more established and has been on a steady build, Real brand Diflucan online, while the Bay Citizen's short history is full of turmoil. And the San Francisco Bay Guardian's Steven Jones argued that Bronstein's rationale for the merger is misrepresenting Hellman's wishes.
Reading roundup: Lots of other stuff going on this week, too. Here's a quick rundown:
— Another week, another few new angles to the already enormous News Corp. phone hacking scandal: The FBI is investigating the company for illegal payments of as much 100,000 pounds to foreign officials such as police officers, a political blogger told British officials that the Sunday Mirror's top editor personally authorized hacking, and the Times of London admitted it hacked into a police officer's email to out him as the author of an anonymous blog, Order Diflucan. How much is this whole mess costing News Corp.? $87 million for the investigation alone last quarter, order Diflucan from United States pharmacy.
— News Corp.'s tablet news publication The Daily got the one-year treatment with an update on its so-so progress in the New York Times. News business analyst Alan Mutter also gave a pretty rough review of the status of tablet news apps as a whole.
— A couple of other news developments of interest to folks in our little niche: The tech news site GigaOM announced it was buying paidContent from the Guardian, and the Knight Foundation announced the first of its new News Challenge competitions, this one oriented around networks. Buy Diflucan online cod, — A couple of cool studies released this week: One from HP Labs on predicting the spread of news on Twitter, and another from USC on ways in which the Internet is changing us.
— Finally, for those of us among the digitally hyper-connected, the New York Times' David Carr wrote a poignant piece on the enduring value of in-person connections, and sociologist Zeynep Tufekci offered a thoughtful response.
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Cephalexin Mg, As expected, this year's International Symposium on Online Journalism (my first) was an illuminating collision between the academic and practical sides of journalism — I'm sure most everyone left with a full set of ideas for newsroom initiatives, research projects, and the like. But if any of them are like me, they probably also find it difficult to properly process and mentally organize 40 presentations over the span of two days.
So here's my attempt at tying together a few of the ISOJ themes I saw, in the form of seven quotations that stood out.
1. "Twitter needs to be engaged as an online social network, Cephalexin reviews, not just another publication platform." - Marcus Messner, Virginia Commonwealth University
If there were two buzzwords that filled the conference's two days, they were "platform" and "engagement." I think both are ugly words that smack of marketing-speak (really, is there any buzzword that doesn't become ugly sooner or later?), but the latter in particular represents a crucial concept for news organizations operating online. Just about all news orgs recognize now that they simply have to engage with their users — or, order Cephalexin from United States pharmacy, more popularly, "the community" — in order to survive online, right?
Well, if they do recognize that, Cephalexin blogs, they certainly have an odd way of showing it. Both Messner and Texas State's Dale Blasingame did research analyzing news orgs' Twitter practices, finding that they use it predominantly to broadcast their stories, rather than (gasp!) conversing with people on a medium designed for conversing with people. The need to use interactive online tools to, well, interact seems like common knowledge by now, but among news orgs, it's apparently not.
2, Cephalexin Mg. "They need to be engaged in journalism, not uploading pet photos." - Jim Brady, canada, mexico, india, Journal Register Co.
Ah, but there's the rub. All reader engagement, magical as it seems, Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, is not equally useful. This idea runs counter to newsroom conventional wisdom, which seems to have adopted the "We'll take whatever we can get" philosophy, a mentality spoofed brilliantly in a BBC video showed by University of British Columbia professor Alfred Hermida.
So how do you create that more valuable engagement and connection with users. Brady's panel came up with some great insights, including the "call and response" model of success espoused by the Washington Post's Amanda Zamora and the idea from the New York Times' Jennifer Preston of organizing news websites around communities rather than print newspaper section, order Cephalexin online c.o.d. It's not enough to get someone's blurry pet photo or half-baked "reckon" (you really need to go back and click on that BBC video); we need interaction that means something.
Cephalexin Mg, 3. "With millennials, they can sniff out shovelware pretty quick. They're pretty savvy." - Jake Batsell, Southern Methodist University
"Shovelware" was another commonly heard term throughout the conference, After Cephalexin, and it was sad to hear it used so often: It was used to define any content used on one medium that was originally designed to fit another. In the case of Batsell's study, that meant iPad apps that were a mere replication of the print or web experience (and with most publications, there wasn't that much difference between print and web in the first place). But it was also used to refer to uses of Twitter as a publication platform, or much of the government-directed online news coming out of Egypt in the research of Ahmed El Gody of Sweden's Orebro University.
4, Cephalexin street price. "It has nothing to do with 30% [revenue cut], Cephalexin Mg. It has nothing to do with 10%. It has to do with who owns the relationship with the consumer at the end of the day, and that's why we built ours internally." - Mark Medici, Dallas Morning News, Buy Cephalexin from mexico, on paywall systems
It's been opined before that the key factor in all this paid-content/subscription wrangling between Google, Apple, and publishers is not money, but customer data. And here it was, straight from the source: For the Morning News, Cephalexin brand name, the decision to build an internal paywall was not about retaining all the revenue; it was about collecting (almost frighteningly specific) individual-level data, which is far more valuable to advertisers than aggregate-level data.
Regardless of the soundness of the Morning News' paywall plan overall (I was skeptical, as were others), this is a welcome corrective for publishers. Where can i order Cephalexin without prescription, The next step, of course, is for them to actually care as much about their audience from a public-service perspective as they do from a moneymaking perspective. Cephalexin Mg, Because, as the BBC's Paul Brannan noted, news orgs are "still very much in the back woods" when it comes to understanding their users.
5. "This is hard, and it's not obvious to me that this model is replicable and sustainable all over the place ... but it's certainly worth trying." - John Thornton, buy Cephalexin online cod, Texas Tribune
Perhaps the best panel of the conference was the one on nonprofit journalism, featuring Thornton, the Bay Citizen's Lisa Frazier, and Gustavo Gorriti of Peru's IDL-Reporteros. Herbal Cephalexin, For all the hype and "WILL THIS SAVE JOURNALISM?!?!?!?!?" hand-wringing nonprofit journalism has gotten, this panel — particularly Thornton and Gorriti — was pleasantly surprising in its realism.
That reality is, as the Thornton quote indicates, a nonprofit journalism that is best applied only in certain locations and contexts and is far from a magic bullet. But it doesn't have to be a magic bullet to be successful, and both the Tribune and Bay Citizen, Cephalexin long term, so far, could be considered successes — at or above their major goals for both influence and fundraising. Despite the realism, there was a lot of reason for optimism regarding nonprofit journalism coming out of this panel.
6, Cephalexin Mg. "What we do as aggregators isn't about journalism. It's about making sense of the Internet." - an anonymous aggregator quoted by C.W. Cephalexin images, Anderson, CUNY-Staten Island
Aside from all the practically oriented material, there were plenty of intellectually stimulating ideas at ISOJ, led by the conference's top paper, a study of aggregation by Anderson. It spelled out a theme that several other panels hit on indirectly: All of these new online practices that news organizations are interacting with — whether it's aggregation or participatory news or open APIs — are forcing journalists to confront their own definition of journalism and realize that it's constricted, irrational, and inadequate.
Anderson's presentation provided the clearest picture of those shortcomings, noting that journalists' claim to democratic indispensability often falls back on an undefined concept of "original reporting" that doesn't even consider the modern technological environment. Aggregators, on the other hand, are rooted in the online world, swimming in a tidal wave of digital content and trying to make sense of it for their users. Now, which of those sounds more journalistic?
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[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab Buy Flagyl No Prescription, on May 28, 2010.]
Facebook simplifies privacy control: After about a month of loud, sustained criticism, Facebook bowed to public pressure and instituted some changes Wednesday to users' privacy settings. The default status of most of the data on Facebook — that is, public —hasn't changed, but the social networking site did make it easier for users to determine and control their various privacy settings. For some social media critics, the tweaks were enough to close the book on this whole privacy brouhaha, Buy generic Flagyl, but others weren't so satisfied with Facebook. Here at the Lab, Megan Garber seized on the theme of "control" in Facebook's announcement, arguing that the company is acknowledging that online sharing is as much individual and self-interested as it is communal and selfless.
Their comments were part of continued attacks on Facebook's privacy stance that began to shift from "Facebook is evil" to "So what do we do now?" Facebook's new, more private rivals escalated their efforts to provide an alternative, Flagyl over the counter, while social media researcher Danah Boyd argued that leaving Facebook would be futile and instead urged users to "challenge Facebook to live up to a higher standard." Several legal and web thinkers also discussed whether the government should regulate Facebook's privacy policies, and the Harvard Business Review's Bruce Nussbaum made the case that Facebook has alienated the generational principles of its primary user base of millennials. (Mathew Ingram of GigaOm disagreed.)
But amid all that, Facebook — or at least the sharing of personal information — got another defender: The prominent tech thinker Steven Johnson. In a thoughtful essay for Time, He used the example of media critic Jeff Jarvis' public bout with prostate cancer to argue that living in public has its virtues, too. "We have to learn how to break with that most elemental of parental commandments: Don't talk to strangers," Johnson wrote. Buy Flagyl No Prescription, "It turns out that strangers have a lot to give us that's worthwhile, and we to them." Of course, Johnson argues, being public or private is for the first time a decision, and it requires a new kind of literacy to go with it.
Paywalls and the links between old and new media: The Pew Research Center's Project for Excellence in Journalism released a study examining the way several big news topics were discussed across several online news platforms, Where can i buy cheapest Flagyl online, and as usual, it's a whole lot of discoveries to sift through. Among the headlines that Pew pointed out in its summary: Twitter users share more technology news than other platforms, the traditional press may be underemphasizing international news, blogs and the press have different news agendas, and Twitter is less tied to traditional media than blogs. (Mashable has another good roundup, online buy Flagyl without a prescription, focusing on the differences between the traditional media and the blogosphere.
The study did take some heat online: TBD's Steve Buttry took issue with the assertion that most original reporting comes from traditional journalists, and the Knight Digital Media Center's Amy Gahran dug into the study's methodology and argued that Pew selected from a list of blogs predisposed to discuss what the traditional media is reporting, and that Pew's definition of news is shaped by circular reasoning.
Gahran was looking at what turned out to be the most attention-grabbing statistic from the study: That 99 percent of the stories blogs link to are produced by the mainstream media, and more than 80 percent come from just four news outlets — the BBC, CNN, The New York Times and the Washington Post, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. DailyFinance media columnist Jeff Bercovici used that statistic to caution that the Times may be giving up a valuable place as one of the top drivers of online news discussion by implementing its paywall next year. Flagyl used for, Reuters' Felix Salmon echoed that warning, adding that if the Times is truly keeping the doors to its site open to bloggers, it should be trumpeting that as loudly as possible. And wouldn't you know it — the next day the Times did just that, reiterating that links to their site from blogs won't count against the limit of free visits.
Meanwhile, Rupert Murdoch's British newspaper the Times and Sunday Times unveiled plans for its soon-to-be-erected paywall, Flagyl price, coupon, including the fact that all of the sites' articles will be blocked from all search engines. Buy Flagyl No Prescription, The Times and New York Times' paywalls were almost tailor-made for being contrasted, and that's exactly what the Lab's Jason Fry did, using them as examples of an open vs. closed paradigm regarding paid content.
A challenger to the AP's model: We found out about a fascinating news innovation this week at the TechCrunch Disrupt Conference, where the online news sharing company Publish2 revealed News Exchange, its new content-sharing service for publishers. Flagyl maximum dosage, Essentially, News Exchange is a way for media outlets, both online-only and traditional, to send and receive stories to each other for publication while retaining control of what they share and with whom.
If that sounds like a free, open version of The Associated Press, it's because that's exactly what Publish2 sees it as, Flagyl duration. At the conference, Publish2's Scott Karp came out against The Associated Press with both guns blazing, calling it "a big enemy of newspapers" and "an obsolete, inefficient monopoly ripe for destruction." Publish2's goal, he said, is to "Craigslist the AP." (In a blog post, Publish2's Ryan Sholin went into some more detail about why and how.)
Publish2's bold idea was met with mixed reactions among both the tech and media crowds: A few of TechCrunch's panelists wondered whether print publications were worth building a business around, but they were impressed enough to advance it to the final round of the conference's startup competition anyhow, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. NYU j-prof Jay Rosen called it "an extension into print of 'do what you do best and link to the rest,'" and CUNY j-prof C.W. Anderson said he was thrilled to watch Publish2 take on an irrational system but concerned that the tangle of CMS's could trip it up. But media consultant Mark Potts noted that much of what the AP transmits is news it reports and produces, something Publish2 isn't going to try to do. Flagyl use, It's rare that we see such a bold, explicit attempt to take down such an established news organization, so this will doubtless be a project to keep a close eye on.
A disappointing iPad app and an open-web debate: A couple of iPad-related developments and debates this week: While publishers cautiously awaited Buy Flagyl No Prescription, the iPad's international release this week, Wired magazine released its iPad app this week — an eagerly awaited app in tech circles. The app is $5 per month, significantly more than the $10 per year that the magazine charges subscribers. Gizmodo Australia's John Herrman called it "unequivocally, the best magazine for the iPad, online Flagyl without a prescription," but still wasn't entirely impressed. It's too expensive, takes up too much space, and doesn't deliver the reinvention of the magazine that we were expecting, he said. Flagyl photos, Lost Remote's Steve Safran was harsher — calling it a magazine dropped into an app. "Simply taking your existing magazine and sticking in some video does not make it a more attractive offering; it makes it a website from 2003," he said.
The New York Times Magazine's Virginia Heffernan ruffled a few feathers this week with a short essay on "The Death of the Open Web," in which she compared the move into the carefully controlled environs of Apple's products like the iPhone and iPad to white flight, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. Web writers Stowe Boyd and Tim Maly refuted Heffernan's argument, pointing primarily to the iPhone and iPad's browser and arguing that it keeps the door open to virtually everything the web has to offer. And blogging pioneer Dave Winer said the phrase "death of the open web" is rendered meaningless by the fact that it can't be verified. In a final quick iPad note, the journalism and programming site Hacks/Hackers hosted a conference in which attendees built an impressive 12 iPad apps in 30 hours, after Flagyl.
Reading roundup: This week, we've got two news items and a handful of other thoughtful or helpful pieces to take a look at. Buy Flagyl No Prescription, — The Bay Citizen, a nonprofit local news site based in San Francisco, launched this week. The San Francisco Bay Guardian took a look at the challenges in front of the Bay Citizen, Poynter used it as a lens to view four trends among news startups, and the Chicago Reader examined the Chicago News Cooperative, Purchase Flagyl online no prescription, another nonprofit news startup that also provides stories to The New York Times. The Lab's Laura McGann also gave some tips for launching a news site the right way.
— Forbes bought the personal publishing site True/Slant, whose founder, Lewis Dvorkin, is a former Forbes staffer. Dvorkinexplained his decision to sell, and Felix Salmon expressed his skepticism about True/Slant's future.
— Longtime journalists Tom Foremski and Caitlin Kelly both wrote thoughtful posts on what happens when pageviews become a high priority within news organizations, Buy Flagyl No Prescription. They're not optimistic.
— Two pieces to bookmark for future reference: Mashable has a thorough but digestible overview of five ways to make money off of news online, and TBD's Steve Buttry gives some fantastic tips for landing a job in digital journalism.
— Finally, NewsCred's Shafqat Islam has a wonderful guide to creating effective topic pages for news. This one should be a must-read for any news org looking seriously at context-driven news online.
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