[This review was originally posted at the Nieman Journalism Lab on Dec. 14, 2012.]
A warning about press regulation's downside
: We're now two weeks removed from Lord Justice Leveson issuing his report calling for a new regulatory body for the British press, and at this point, we're waist-deep in the messy work of figuring out what to do about it and how the British press should function in relation to the government. The Labour Party presented its own plan
to implement Leveson's proposals, in response to the prime minister's plan.
The London School of Economics has some interesting data
examining the initial response to the report among newspapers and bloggers, and Leveson reiterated
that he wants to see the law enforced on bloggers and Twitter users just as it is on traditional journalists, lest those journalists get tempted to cut corners in order to compete online. (The Telegraph published the story anyway.)
There was also a warning this week about the inevitable downside of government regulation of the press: The Telegraph reported that advisers to Maria Miller, the secretary of state for Media, Culture, and Sport, warned the paper of her role in implementing the Leveson report
when it informed her of a story it was publishing on her official expenses.
Opponents of regulation saw the Miller case a clear example of the type of blackmail and political pressure that would accompany government oversight of the press. "Don’t kid yourself that every editor will be as principled in future, and that this is not a foretaste of what may come," said The Spectator's Nick Cohen
. His colleague, Fraser Nelson
, made the "putting the foxes in charge of the henhouse" analogy. Michael White of The Guardian, on the other hand, said he's giving Miller the benefit of the doubt
Meanwhile, the man who was heading up the British newspapers' negotiations with the government over compliance with the Leveson report, James Harding, surprisingly resigned
as the editor of News Corp.'s Times of London this week. As the Press Gazette noted
, Harding's had his own run-ins with the Leveson Inquiry over his role in News Corp.'s phone hacking scandal. There was initially a lot of speculation as to why, but it seems the move may ultimately be a precursor to consolidation with the Sunday Times
. J-prof George Brock said the merger
is probably the key to the move as a cost-cutting measure, and The Guardian reported
on News Corp.'s possible plans to merge the two papers even before Harding's ouster. Afterward, The Times itself reported
that it was looking into turning the two papers into one seven-day-a-week paper.
The paywall dominoes keep falling
: I noted this briefly in last week's post
, but it's worth going through in a bit more detail this week: The Washington Post is reported
to be planning to institute a paywall in 2013. The Post had been the highest-profile paywall holdout in the U.S., and there are numerous other media companies moving with it across the paid-content divide. As Ad Age reported, the Daily Beast — which also includes the remnants of Newsweek — is also considering a paywall
, and Poynter's Rick Edmonds also summarized reports
on paywall progress and plans from Gannett and Scripps at an industry conference.
Forbes' Jeff Bercovici made note of the influence
of paywall proponent Warren Buffett on Post publisher Donald Graham and also argued that it's way too late for a paywall to salvage the Daily Beast. Dean Starkman of the Columbia Journalism Review said it's not too late
for the Post's paywall to be successful, though. The Guardian's James Ball, meanwhile, wrote a smart explanation of why U.S. and U.K. papers are differing on paywalls
, pointing out that unlike their British counterparts, American papers seem to be sticking close to their metro roots.
In light of the Post's move, The Economist
and The New York Times' David Carr
both offered good, big-picture assessments of why the U.S. newspaper industry is moving so aggressively to a paid model online. Carr was a bit more pessimistic about the prospects of generalizing the success of larger papers like The Times or The Wall Street Journal to their smaller metro cousins: "The subscription model represents a moment of truth for publishers, who are owning up to the fact that they will be operating as smaller businesses, with smaller audiences."
At CNN, Howard Kurtz made the argument
(pretty familiar by now) that paywalls are necessary for reporting to survive on a large scale. Gawker's Hamilton Nolan agreed
that paywalls have become a necessity for traditional news orgs, but said they won't work at a lot of places where the content simply isn't worth paying for: "The fact that readers like
you is not enough to support an online paywall; readers must need
The paywall critics are also still making their case — in the best of those, Digital First's Steve Buttry wrote a smart post
arguing that newspaper paywalls are not a settled issue, which drew a point-by-point rebuttal
from CJR's Ryan Chittum. His colleague, Dean Starkman, also looked at the struggles of the Cleveland Plain Dealer
as evidence of the failure of the free model.
Twitter's photo filters vs. Instagram's community
: Less than a week after Instagram disabled its integration
with the program that let its photos display properly on Twitter, Twitter struck back with its introduction of its own photo filter features
. Matthew Panzarino of The Next Web gave an overview
of Twitter's filters, concluding that they're easy to use, even if their range and quality of filters isn't as strong as Instagram's.
The question is whether these filters will be enough for Twitter to seriously edge into Instagram's photo-sharing territory. Panzarino and Wired's Mat Honan
said no — Instagram's service is popular not because of its filters, but because of the community it's built up around photo sharing. ReadWrite's Jon Mitchell also said Instagram has the advantage of being exclusively devoted to photos
, while Twitter is general-interest.
The Verge's Ellis Hamburger summarized those arguments
for Instagram's superiority best: "Instagram’s success is about a new way to show what you’re up to. It’s about creating a photographic timeline of your life you can flip through as easily as thumbing through a child’s picture book. The filters are just gravy."
A few other stories and discussions also floating around this week:
— The New York Times reported
that Michael Bloomberg is considering adding the Financial Times to his business-news empire, prompting j-prof Christopher Daly
and The Atlantic Wire's Adam Clark Estes
to speculate on why Bloomberg would want to buy a newspaper (not so much money, but power). Reuters' Felix Salmon
and Business Insider's Henry Blodget
focused on the nugget that Bloomberg might also be interested in LinkedIn, with Salmon looking at why he might want it and Blodget arguing that it's too expensive.
— A nasty fight sprung up between Matthew Inman, proprietor of the popular web comic The Oatmeal, and BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed published a nasty (and inaccurate) article
about Inman, prompting an equally nasty defense
(and counterattack) from Inman. BuzzFeed responded with a half-apology. HyperVocal
have good explanations of what happened and why the conflict matters for the web, and the Columbia Journalism Review's Sara Morrison wrote
that despite some nuggets of truth to BuzzFeed's article, it was fatally undermined by shoddy Internet research.
— A few retrospective pieces on the role of fact-checking and asymmetry in the U.S. presidential election: The Huffington Post's Dan Froomkin asserted that the mainstream political press missed the biggest story of the campaign
in not holding Republicans accountable for their consistently tenuous relationship with the truth. The New York Times' Margaret Sullivan countered
that the traditional media are improving in accounting for political asymmetry, while Brendan Nyhan of the Columbia Journalism Review said the problem doesn't lie with the fact-checking movement
— A couple of really interesting articles were written this week on the editorial decisions embedded in the algorithms that we might think of as objective. Nick Diakopoulos at the Lab explained the concept of algorithmic bias
, and The Atlantic's Alexis Madrigal expanded on that point
regarding Google News in particular.